IMPORTANT FROM UTAH.
Particulars of the Evacuation of Salt Lake-Governor Cumining's Visit to the City—The Reported Differences between the Governor and General Johnston—Colonel Kinney’s Offer of Protection to the Mor-mons &c.
From the San Francisco Herald, May 30.
By the arrival yesterday afternoon of the steamer Senator, from the South, we have very late and im-portant intelligence from Utah, The news received by last mail of the evacuation of Salt Lake City by the Mormons, is corroborated by a son of Gen. HUNT, formerly member of the Assembly of California, who arrived at San Bernardino on the 20th of May, per-forming the trip from the former place in the unpre-cedentediy short space of twelve days. We have, accordingly, intelligence from Salt Lake up to the 8th instant. At that time Gov. CUMMING had been in the City several days, and the authority of the United States held undisputed sway. Gen. JOHNSTON desired to advance with the army under his com-mand, when he was informed that the Mormons had left Salt Lake, but Gov. CUMMING objected for some reasons, the nature of which we are, at present, un-acquainted with. It is reported that a difference of opinion arose between the two officers as to the course to be pursued by the troops, Gen. JOHNSTON stating his orders required him to take up his quar-ters in Salt Lake ; but at the time Mr. HUNT left, the army still garrisoned Forts Bridger and Supply.
To Mr. E. D. KNIGHT, who has resided several months at San Bernardino, and who arrived in the Senator, we are indebted for the following additional information : The object of Mr. HUNT'S visit to San Bernardino was to obtain the trunks and other prop-erty of Col, KANE, the reputed agent of the Govern-ment, which were left here with Mr. HANKS, a Mor-mon, when he passed through, en route for Utah. Mr. HUNT, who made only a stay of one day, and who was provided with relays of mules, stated that BRIG-HAM YOUNG, with his followers, were at Provo City. A few Mormons remained at Salt Lake to take care of the crops, which, in a short time, would be in a condition to cut down. Gov. CUMMING was received with cordiality and found affairs in a better condition than he expected. No property was destroyed ; the city was in no manner injured. Three parties of Mormons had been dispatched on surveying expeditions, all in a southerly direc-tion. BRIGHAM YOUNG had selected, it was stated, as a new residence, a tract of country hitherto unexplored, lying between the old Spanish trail to New-Mexico and the central route. It is said that this Territory is fertile and that it is the intention of the Mormon leader and his people, or as many as will accompany him, to stay there sufficient time to raise a crop and to deliberate and come to a conclusion as to heir future movements. Mr. KNIGHT states on in- formation derived from the party who arrived at San Bernardino, that dispatches will be forwarded by Governor CUMMING to Washington by the next Cali-fornia mail, which will be due in about ten days. It was the intention of Colonel KANE to leave for the East when his baggage reached Salt Lake. Mr. HUNT was instructed to use all haste in performing his journey both to and from San Bernardino, which accounts for his extraordinary quick trip, and the relays of animals provided for him. There was no doubt entertained that Colonel KANE is a Mormon and has been such for a number of years.
From the above information concerning the latest movements of the hostile parties, it is evident BRIG-HAM YOUNG and his satellites, dreading the result of a conflict with the United States, have abandoned Salt Lake and now shelter themselves, for the present, at Provo City, from the consequences of their rebellion. The indictments for high treason is a sufficient warn-ing to them of the serious penalties to which they have become liable. It is not probable they will come within the reach of the law. In case they do appear at Salt Lake it might be found that the policy of not allowing General JOHNSTON to occupy the city was not altogether sound. Such crimes as theirs should not go unpunished. The great question now is, where will the Mormons perma-nently locate. The report that they intend to settle for a season at some point on the plains, may prove true. But their residence could be there only for a short time. The United States, after all that has been done to break up the hot- bed of treason at Salt Lake, could not consent to another one springing up within its jurisdiction, composed of the identical bad mate-rial that has been just dispersed. The movements of YOUNG, and the surveying parties having gone south, strongly indicate that it is their intention at no dis-tant day to make an inroad into Mexico, and there establish themselves. It may now be considered cer-tain that Sonora or some adjoining State will be se-lected as their future residence. It may be men-tioned, that it is believed in some quarters, that the evacuation of Salt Lake is the result of Col. KANE'S mission.
Orders had been sent to the soldiers not to advance from Fort Bridger. It is reported that high words passed between Gov. CUMMING and Gen. JOHNSTON ; the latter declaring that his orders directed him to take up his quarters in the city, and the former in-sisting that the General should not advance. The General acquiesced and remained behind. There were some private dispatches to Mr. HANKS, but nothing further has transpired.
WHAT ARE THE INTENTIONS OF THE MORMONS.
From the Los Angeles Vineyard, April 15.
The following account of the situation of affairs in Utah, and of the acts of the Mormons, we have from a gentleman connected with that peculiar religious faith, belief, or practice, and who is in at least semi-monthly communication with the leading men of that fraternity. We have no reason to doubt the sincerity with which the statements are made, but whether the leading Mormons of Utah are the recipients of alt the views of BRIGHAM YOUNG may well be received with a grain of reserve, and, even if they are, whether they would, under the present circumstances, feel disposed to trust that knowledge to travel the road to Cali-fornia under their sign manual, may well be doubted.
BRIGHAM YOUNG, as Prophet, and not as political Governor of Utah, issued a proclamation about the middle of March last, advising, but not commanding, all the Mormons of Salt Lake City and all the settle-ments north of it to move their families to Provo and other places south of the latter city. This reques also embraces all the towns south of Salt Lake City and north of Provo. They were counseled to re move all their stores of provisions, as well as the doors and windows of their houses, and all other property which could be transported, which would be of use to them where they might eventually locate.
Wagons and horses were sent north from Salt Lake City and the southern settlements to assist in the re moval. No more men were desired to move south than were necessarily required to accompany the women and children, the mass of males remaining at their farms to secure the growing crops ; but no more sowing was to be done.
The object of this movement was to prevent a sep-aration of the Mormons in the event of the occupan-cy of the Salt Lake Valley by the United States troops. BRIGHAM YOUNG had, at that time, deter-mined to destroy every perishable thing in and about Salt Lake City, and all the settlements north ; but letters written on the 6th April, and after the adjourn-ment of the Annual Conference, by members of the Twelve, say that circumstances have arisen to create the belief that the city will not be destroyed, and that the troops will not move into the city for some length of time, if at all.
President DANE (April 16) with a party of seventy men. was exploring a tract of country hitherto little known, bounded on the southeast by the San Bernar-dino road, on the northwest by the Humboldt road, and on the west by the Sierra Nevada. This tract of country is estimated to be 400 miles square, and to have fertile valleys sufficient to accommodate 500 familes with desirable locations.
DANE'S company and a small party that preceded him, were then engaged in planting and preparing for the arrival of the settlers.
Parowan is to be the residence for the time being of the supreme ruler of the Mormons, while all the set-tlements north Will be abandoned by the Mormon rulers, and given up to the United States civil author-ities, the soldiers and the Gentiles.
If the men who remain in the northern part for the purpose of harvesting, should be molested or pre-vented, they will destroy their crops.
The Mormons were on the 6th day of April busily engaged in preparations to evacuate the City of Salt Lake, Neither Gov. CUMMING or Col. KANE had ar-rived, but fifty Mormons had left the city to escort the Governor into the city.
Los Angeles (May 24) Correspondence of the San Fran-cisco Bulletin.
The wily Mormon leaders know that they cannot make headway against the United States at present, by letting things go to extremes, but rather that it must result in their own extermination. Therefore, at the last moment, they take advantage of a favora-ble opportunity and apparently give way, back down—to bide their time : they yield only to endure; they may even disperse for the present, but it is only to reunite in the future that they may propagate their religion Who doubts it, that believes in the sinceri-ty of their fanaticism ? What matters the sacrifice of to-day to those who would build up a religion for future millions? I repeat, the arrangement is only temporary, unless they have already made up their minds to leave our country. The great question of submission to our laws is not met. The graver ques-tion to our Government of an independent hierarchy calling together in our midst its deluded followers from all the nations of the earth, is still unaffected their pretended evacuation of Salt Lake City. They may move from the northern to the southern coun-tries ; they may even disperse in the valleys of the Sierra Nevada, or where you will, and yet, so long as they remain within our borders, the hobgoblin of the ancients, Polygamy, still stares us in the face. The cloud of "Mormon war" has doubtless passed by, but depend upon it, the question is not settled, it is only tampered with—unless the Saints have given private assurances that they will emigrate to some more congenial soil. American institutions and theirs cannot coexist; that, they and our Administra-tion know full well. Who believes that a plurality of wives, a part of their religious belief, and already interwoven into all their family relations, will give way to the irresistible moral sentiment of modern civilization ? It will drive them off the continent first.
Therefore, I say, pity it is, that our Government will not see the question in its right light, and seek to dispose of it for all time, and not merely as a matter of the present moment, or of the present year, or of the present decade, or that affects the present Admin-stration. Whitewashing difficulties is not removing them; neither is, in this case, postponement wisdom. I would not advocate a war of extermination. If the Mormons will be Mormons, let them have done with rebellion, and their system shorn of its monstrous in-cestuous and destroying angel practices, or leave the country, and that forthwith. Against their errors of belief, purely, it is not necessary to raise a finger of physical force; if errors, they must fall ; truth will stand to all eternity. Therefore, as truth is in no danger in the long run, let every man believe what he pleases combat him with reason if you like. Governments and worldly potentates have no busi-ness with his belief ; but with these evil practices of which I have spoken Governments have business. I only hope that this Mormon question shall have been settled in that way that the great Hereafter shall com-mend.
Los Angeles Correspondence of the San Francisco Alta.
The latest news from Utah is to the effect that the Mormons are still undecided as to the locality for their permanent settlement. In accordance with the circular of BRIGHAM YOUNG, they have abandoned the northern settlements, and are now residing in the southern section of the Territory. A large number of them are making preparations to settle in a hitherto unknown and unexplored region of country lying be-tween the old Spanish trail to New-Mexico and the Humboldt River on the south, west of Fillmore and east of the Sierra Nevada. Captain DANE has started for the new country with a train of some 70 families 140 men are said to be engaged already there with teams putting in grain and preparing shelter for their families. The valley is said to be of sufficient extent to support 500 families, and if the account I have heard of it is correct, it must be a lovely spot, and that it has thus long escaped exploration is to be ac-counted for from the fact that it is surrounded by almost inaccessible mountains, and lies remote from both the middle and southern emigrant routes across the Plains. What object the Mormons can have in changing their quarters from one section of Uncle Sam's territory to another, I cannot imagine. The Government had no desire to drive them from their homes, but merely to compel a proper recogni-tion and submission to the Federal authorities ; their removal, if they continue the same obstinate course, can avail them nothing, except to change the locality of the war. On the evening of the 19th inst, JOHN- HUNT, (son of Capt. JEFFERSON HUNT,) and two others, arrived express from Salt Lake City, in the unprece-dented time of ten traveling days, having left Salt Lake on the evening of the 8th inst, They made the travel from Cedar City (500 miles) in seven and a naif days, being thus some ten days in advance of the mail. The object of their coming is somewhat of a mystery, and little information can be obtained from them. They state, however, that Col. JOHNSTON is still at Fort Bridger and Fort Supply ; that Governor CUMMING and Col. KANE (the bearer of secret dis-patches and a Mormon) entered Salt Lake City about the 16th of April. The Mormons, although they are removing their goods, & c., from Salt Lake City, have abandoned the idea of destroying the pro-perty. It is said that Governor CUMMING has insti-tuted an examination into the charges preferred against the Mormons, and ascertained, as HUNT'S party assert, that much which was laid to their charge, as the destroyal of the Supreme Court pa-pers, &c., is false. The Governor has therefore ex-pressed himself greatly pleased, not only at his re-ception, but also at the comparatively favorable con dition of affairs for the Mormons.
COL. KINNEY'S MISSION TO MORMONDOM
From the Los Angeles Vineyard.
We are advised that an Englishman recently came from San Francisco by the Tulare route, on his way to the head-quarters of the Mormons. He arrived on the Mohave River, near San Bernardino, about the first of April, where he found a party of saints from San Jose on their way to Utah.
Whether owing to his natural sanguineness or the harmonious commixture of his own complexion with the character of the soil over which he was travel-ing, or the expansion from the greater heat of the at-mosphere, of the charge which he was commissioned to bear to Utah, we know not; but he could restrain himself no longer, but divulged the object of his em-bassy and commenced negotiations with the saints.
He is the representative of the English Government and Colonel KINNEY, of Central American notoriety, and is commissioned to jointly represent those two powers near the Court of the Prophet, and extend to him the offer of the Kingdom of Mosquitodom as a refuge from the insufferable persecution of the Amer-ican Government. If he cannot translate the Zion of the Latter Day Saints to that paradise, they are will-ing to accept of the establishment of a Viceroyalty in that country by the Revelator, to be supported and sustained by a colony of saints, which, fresh from Utah, will carry hostile anti-American feeling enough into that country to quiet the apprehensions of John Bull respecting the dominancy of the Yankees in that quarter.
RETURN OF THE MORMONS TO CARSON VALLEY.
From the San Francisco Herald, June 5.
By GEORGE WEBBER, direct from Carson Valley, we learn the following report has reached Carson Val-ley, that 1,500 Mormon families are now on their way to that place, and that BRIGHAM YOUNG had left for parts unknown. This news comes by the Soshones and Pah Utes. It was communicated to ASA CANION, a trader at or near Ragtown. ASA considers the news reliable, from the fact that he has had frequent news by the same Indians, and he has never found them to be false in a single instance.
WEBBER stated that the gold mines on Walker's River are a failure, and that FARWELL'S report is not correct.
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