LATE AND IMPORTANT FROM UTAH.
ARRIVAL OF MORMON DESERTERS IN NEBRASKA.
Departure of a Large Force from Salt Lake City to Arrest the Progress of United States Troops.
From Our Own Correspondent.
OMAHA CITY, N. T., Thursday, Oct. 22,1857.
News has just reached here from our fron-tier Mormon settlement upon the Loupe Fork of the Platte River, near the mouth of Beaver, and known as the Beaver settlement of Mormons, (about one hundred miles inland from here,) that some renegade Mormons, or seceders from the Mormon Church, fleeing from the Danites of Salt Lake, had reached that settlement a few days since, bringing the news that a large force of the Mormon militia, under BRIGHAM YOUNG and HE-BER C. KIMBALL, were preparing to leave Salt Lake City, with provisions and ammunition for a six weeks’ campaign in the mountains to the east-ward, and thus to stop, if possible, the passage of The United States troops. Although the positive des-tination was a secret known only to the leaders of the Church, yet it was generally supposed that at the pass in the mountains near Bear River cut-off, or at Steeple Rocks, the stand would be made by the Salt Lake forces, with an almost certainty of “wiping out" the entire force sent against them. In Salt Lake City, and through the Territory, for some months prior to this movement, the militia or volunteer force have undergone more than or-dinary drill, and a number of regiments would compare favorably, in point of drill, with the inde-pendent corps of the States. The Mormons feel confident of destroying the force sent against them this Fall, and, with their next Spring's allies from the States, expect to stand a regular fight against the whole United States available force, and not only conquer, but establish themselves as an independent Government.
Between Fort Kearney and the Valley these three or four men traveled almost entirely at night and under the guidance of one of the party—a thorough mountain man—evaded the regular trav-eled route, seeing no troops or Indians, and making the travel in about nineteen days. They, and all the mountain men with whom I have conversed, state that in the event of a stand being taken in some of the mountain gorges this side of Salt Lake, ten men can easily and successfully cope with one hundred and fifty United States soldiers. And who knows these mountain ranges and gorges with all their advantages and disadvantages better than the Mormons? This report also brings the somewhat expected news that many of the Indian tribes from Southern Oregon and Utah were se-cretly preparing to join the Mormon force.
There seems but one policy for our Government to pursue in the event of a war against Utah, and that is to adopt as far as possible, the Ranger mode of fighting and call into service frontier men—men who are used to all manner of hard life, and can meet more successfully the Indian mode of warfare which will be adopted by the Mormons. One company of mounted riflemen or infantry, taken from the cabins of the far West, will do more service and stand hardships better than four companies of Uncle Samuel's "bright buttons"—or "squaws," as they are derisively termed by the Indians. Let the War Department, with its capa-ble and efficient head look well to this matter. Let him ask himself whether that company of hunters from Southwestern Virginia, many years ago, over which he presided as Captain, if I recol-lect aright, and who did militia duty under his orders—six feet in their stockings—would not do more service in frontier fighting than four times that number of regulars.
Nearly all the Banks of Nebraska have "dried up," to use a California phrase. They number some seven, I believe. The effect, of course, is bad. Bad upon all classes, and had it not been for the very large crops raised here end in Western Iowa, the frontier would ere six months—unless the panic subsided in the East—have been solicit-ing aid from abroad. As it is, all moves along quite comfortably yet here; the place reminds one of GOLDSMITH'S deserted village. With the real estate agents, "Othello's occupation's gone." Pro-perty sells for nothing, because there's no money to buy. Everything in the shape of trade is dull—almost dead. The Western Exchange Bank, of this place, is struggling into an existence again, and they promise sixty days more, at least, to render justice to their dupes. But all confidence here in paper money is gone.
We have had a few "flurries" of snow during the past two weeks, and Winter is "setting in." The Fall has been a favorable one for the farmers. The four Land Offices in the Territory are doing a Comfortable business with preemption claimants.
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