AFFAIRS IN UTAH. The Mormon General Conference—Addresses of Brigham Young and other Shining Lights—Political Matters.
From Our Own Correspondent.
GREAT SALT LAKE CITY, Friday, April 12,1861.
The Mormon General Conference convened on the 6th, in the Tabernacle, in this city, and continued two days. It was crowdingly attended, especially on the second day, Sunday. The weather was good, but keenly cold for the season, a northerly wind blowing most of the, time; indeed, the chilling breezes still hail from that point, bringing the other day a slight peppering of snow and hail.
On Saturday morning, then, the Conference com-menced, with singing and prayer as usual. The Sunday preceding, it appeared, BRIGHAM had re-quested the city folks to stay at home, and allow the country "brethren and sisters" to fill the Tabernacle, which was not filled, however, during the morning's proceedings.
The first speaker was Apostle EZRA T. BENSON. EZRA let off a tearing, vociferous declaration of the prophetic character of JOSEPH SMITH, and concluded with an unctuous "exhortation to faithfulness."
DANIEL H. WELLS, the third member of the triune Presidency, contributed a little quiet talk on Mormon loyalty and patriotism, and reviewed the "State of the Union," all of course to the advantage of Mor-monism.
Next appeared HEBER C. KIMBALL. with his hat on, by special permission, as he gratuitously informed us, of BRIGHAM. HEBER advanced a part of his ser-mon on the "Vine and the Branches." He blessed "saints and sinners," the blessing of each party va-rying slightly in quality. He also threw off a piece of his amiable mind respecting Uncle Sam, that gentle-man having evidently cast some indignity, real or fancied, on the patriarchal HERER, or on his Mormon friends, which indignity manifestly sat with an ill grace on his stomach, and could not be digested with-out much protest and many wry faces.
BRIGHAM wound up the morning session. He won-dered if they ever could raise a building large enough to hold the people for Conference meetings. He then informed his followers that they were not so good that they could not be any better. Perhaps this was news to some of them. He exhorted them to pray and practice more with a view to their own "growth in grace" than to the overthrow of the godless portion of humanity. Politics followed. He wondered if the politicians and statesmen ever reflected that truth was indispensable in a Republican Government. He thought if VAN BUREN had reinstated the Mormons in Missouri, the Federal Government would have been stronger to-day. Mr. LINCOLN might be a very good man, but he was powerless, bound by party fetters, stuck fast in the tangled meshes of political matters. It may be some consolation to Se-cessionists and persons who consider themselves re-sponsible for the present state of American politics, to learn that BRIGHAM declares himself as an Ameri-can citizen, perfectly ashamed of the "distracted and powerless" condition of the country. He then related some electioneering and other incidents, which proved either that he was, or that he believed he was, well posted on political wireworking.
At every Conference, the general "authorities" are presented to the people, and a vote is taken on the confidence question. In the afternoon this business was put through, the high functionaries, one by one, standing on their merits before the audience. Apostle JOHN TAYLOR presented them, but on naming the "Seventies," it was evident there was a hitch, and friend TAYLOR found him-self considerably bothered to call these officials by their orthodox designations. So BRIGHAM rose to ex-plain. The "Twelve Apostles," of whom the senior member was President, were a distinct quorum to "travel into all the world." The ‘High Priests' were a quorum, of indefinite number, whose special duties lay at home. There were sixty-two quorums of "Seventies," seventy, as the name indicates, in each quorum, and each quorum being blessed with no less than seven Presidents, included in its respective "sev-enty." The precedence of these seven Presidents came by seniority of membership. The first quorum actually had no members, except the seven Presi-dents, whose office it was to preside over the whole body of "Seventies."
The remainder of the officials were then presented and voted for. The voting was unanimously in favor of the parties presented, the voters evidently thinking the men in office were exactly the right men in the right places; or, if they were otherwise, concluding it best to say nothing to that effect.
Mr. TAYLOR then contrasted Mormon unity with the secession and division of affairs in the outside world.
ISAAC MORLEY, "Patriarch," told us that he re-joiced considerably, and prayed for wonderful bless-ings on the valleys of Utah.
Apostle GEORGE A. SMITH preached a short time on the text: "Sectariau Religion, the Sectarian God, and the Democracy of our Country." He considered that the sectarian God, "without body, parts, or pas-sions," was not the being who wrestled with Jacob, and further argued, to Mormon satisfaction, that "sectarian religion" and American democracy were very absurd affairs. He remarked that JOSEPH SMITH prophesied that, if the Government did not do justice to the Mormons, mob upon mob would arise, until that would become the supreme power in the land. A great time for Judge LYNCH, then. He believed, if the "saints" would "do as BRIGHAM says," they would soon become the wealthiest and most power-ful people on the face of this mundane sphere.
On Sunday morning, long before the hour of open-ing, the Tabernacle was crowded to suffocation, and "the cry was still they come," apparently in undi-minishing numbers. But the outsiders must have “their portion of meat in due season," as well as their more fortunate "brethren and sisters" who gained a seat in the conventicle. Therefore, BRIG-HAM deputed Apostles HYDE and TAYLOR to assemble the open-air crowd on the Temple Block, under the canopy of heaven, and administer to their edification, which was done, or, at least, attempted, morning and evening.
In the Tabernacle, in the morning, Apostle LORENZO SNOW addressed the congregation concerning improve-ment, privileges, happiness and the Spirit of God.
But before Mr. SNOW could claim the floor, an elder-ly gentleman popped up his head amidst the congre-gation, and fervently, vehemently announced that he had a message from the Lord to deliver to the au-dience, to the effect that there was a deal of wicked-ness going on among them, and that if they did not re-pent and forsake their sins, they would be "scourged to the ground." The doorkeepers were requested to "take that crazy man out," which was done quietly, not, however, until he had bestowed his benedicton upon all the congregation. This energetic person forced himself into the building, in spite of the remon-strances of the doorkeeper, declaring that he was "going to get in any way, he was sure of that." He evidently "believed in his mission."
After Mr. SNOW came HEBER C. KIMBALL once more. He believed he should come off victorious, if he did nothing worse than he had done. He believed strongly that himself and associates would yet return to Jackson County, Missouri, and parcel out the land as "inheritances of the saints." He then advertised his new linseed oil mill. He had made fifty gallons of oil, which he would sell at $5 per gallon, cash, the usual price being $8, and he would give $2.50, cash, for flaxseed. Or he would take in the seed and make oil on shares of half. He made one gallon of oil from one bushel of seed. He was determined to make a pure article, and to undeasell the merchants, let them go as low as they would.
BRIGHAM followed on the same subject, and also upon making nails and iron.
The afternoon was occupied mainly by BRIGHAM. Directing the first half of his sermon to the ladies, he gave them a few lessons on the art of being happy. Evidently BRIGHAM has an excellent opinion of him-self. In fact, if we are to believe his own testimony, he is a very virtuous and worthy gentleman, and has had many unkind things said about him. The world “believed in a plurality of men and women." The Mormons believed in a plurality of wives, and this multiplicity of wives should be a matter of “principle, and not of passion." He had always acted in that light, and (would it be believed?) he would rather, if he had his own choice, take his valise, and go preach-ing "without purse or scrip," than live as he does. The Mormons took many wives to “raise up a right-ous seed unto the Lord," for it was better for children to come through a saintly parentage than otherwise. "Woman's mission" was to rear and educate chil-dren, and not to watch husbands, and fret and stew about being loved enough, while the children went ragged in the streets, and got into all manner mis-chief. He believed, with the first NAPOLEON, that mothers were the true rulers of the world. When a woman obtained a husband, she was to "rejoice that she had got a man from the Lord," and, if possible, faithfully fulfill her mission proper. That was the way for her to be happy.
BRIGHAM then fired away on "domestic manufac-tures," and gave a heavy broadside of 68-pounders at "importations." Nails and oil were now produced here, all of superior quality, while importations were very inferior and much adulterated. Paper would soon be made, sugar might be, and iron would have been, but for the "big-head" distemper which at-tacked the operatives in Iron County, after spending many thousands of dollars. The time would certain-ly come when Utah would be obliged to produce everything she wanted.
JEFFERSON HUNT made a short speech, and thus ended the great Conference. No missionaries were named, though it was intimated that a number would soon be called out.
Judicial matters in Utah are still in rather a pitiable plight. We are blessed with four Federal judges. FLENNIKEN, it appears, was appointed "vice CRADLE-BAUGH, removed." But the pugnacious CRADLEBAUGH objects to be so unceremoniously cashiered. If he has been guilty of maladministration, malpractice, or mal-something-else, he wished to be judicially con-victed of the same, before removal. Carson, so far, has been the battle ground of this irrepressible con-flict, and there FLENNIKEN seems to regard CRADLE-BAUGH as more than his match, and has given in to him. But Carson is now Nevada, and that definitely closes the conflict there. The whole of the judges being thrown on the Salt Lake country, FLENNIKEN'S adherents now vote Judge CROSBY, the superfluous member, because the last appointed. This discon-certs CROSBY exceedingly, and I suppose he will de-fend his own case. But who shall decide when judges disagree?
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