IMPORTANT FROM UTAH.
Governor Cumming Still at Salt Lake City.
Capt. Marcy's Train Not Cut Off.
The Mormons Peaceably In-clined.
ST. LOUIS, Tuesday, June 8.
The Republican's Leavenworth correspondent learns from a man who left Camp Scott on the 8th of May, that the troops would be out of beef by the six-teenth, but that their other rations would last till the first of June.
No dispatches had been received in the Camp from Governor CUMMING, and nothing had been heard from Captain MARCY. The latter was expected to reach the Camp about the first of June.
Colonel HOFFMAN'S command was snow-bound at Laboute Creek, 80 miles beyond Fort Laramie.
The most advanced grains of Messrs. RUSSELL, MAJORS and WADDELL were met near the South Platte. The trains were getting along finely until , they reached the Big Blue, where heavy rains had caused serious obstructions.
A Mormon named WILLIAMS, living near Leaven-worth, had received a letter dated Salt Lake City, May 8, which represents everything quiet in the val-ley. Gov. CUMMING was in the city at that date, and the people had abandoned all idea of fighting, and gone to work on their farms.
The Independence correspondent of the Republican, writing June 4, says that the Salt Lake mail of April 18, had arrived, bringing news that an express had reached Camp Scott from Governor CUMMING, stating that he had been well received at Salt Lake City, that BRIGHAM YOUNG was willing to transfer all authority, and had enjoined his followers to recognize CUMMING their future Governor, and aid him in the discharge of his duties.
The Utah News.
FOGGY ACCOUNTS FROM SALT LAKE—ESTRANGE-MENT BETWEEN GOVERNOR CUMMING AND GEN-ERAL JOHNSTON.
It seems to be quite impossible to get at the truth of the reports which reach us from Utah. There is a sad lack of reliable information, contra-dictory statements following closely one upon an-other. The latest news received reports a serious estrangement between the civil and military depart-ments of the expedition. The St. Louis Democrat says :
"Yesterday we met with a gentleman who left Fort Leavenworth on Wednesday, the 2d, and who was a listener to all the discussions, and read all the letters received from Camp Scott up to the 6th of May. He discredits the news of Governor CUMMING having been driven out of Great Salt Lake City. The letters from Camp Scott, of the latest date, make no mention of any such event. Nothing, indeed, was known there of what was going on in Great Salt Lake City, there being, un-fortunately, no official intercourse between Governor CUMMING and General JOHNSTON. We do not know how this estrangement has been brought about, but that it exists is quite certain. The letters further state that Gen. JOHNSTON had issued his orders for the march to Salt Lake about the 15th May, but as the Peace Commissioners would arrive about that time, it is possible that some delay followed their appear-ance there. It is said, also, that the troops were living on mule meat, but that information had been received that a supply of beef cattle from Oregon was within four days' travel from the encampment of Gen. JOHNSTON, Col. HOFFMAN, with supplies from Fort Laramie, it is now said was within seven to nine days' march of Camp Scott.
It is certain, that dispatches from Gov. CUMMING to the Secretary of State have gone forward to Wash-ington. These dispatches were not put in the mail from Camp Scott, They were received there subse-quent to the 6th of May, with instructions to put them through with all speed, and it was the two Mormons who were the bearers of these dispatches that circu-lated the report that Gov. CUMMING had been driven out of Salt Lake City. This looks improbable, and we incline to think that the dispatches from Gov. CUMMING—still in Great Salt Lake City—are the result of consultations between Gov. C, and BRIGHAM YOUNG. We shall soon see how this is, and in the meanwhile all the movements from our frontier will go on as if nothing had happened, looking to a settlement of this question.
THE MORMONS IN THE WEST.
Matters in Iowa—Affairs in Utah—Mormon Views of Approaching Events. Correspondence of the New-York Times,
COUNCIL BLUFFS, Iowa, Tuesday, May 25, 1858.
I arrived here a week ago, having, since my last writing, passed up the "Big Muddy" eight hundred miles through Missouri, and dividing Missouri and Kansas, and Iowa and Nebraska and as she winds her devious course along, passes through some of the most fertile and beautiful portions of the globe. A trip up the Missouri is usually an unpleasant one but there are now good arrangements for comfort and speed far exceeding anything heretofore enjoyed, bringing passengers through from St. Louis to this place in five or six days, viz.: by Pacific Railroad to Jefferson City, thence by Union Packet line to St. Josephs, thence by steam-packet Watossa to this city Fare is unexceptionable, and expenses through, about $20. Freight 75 cents per 100 pounds.
Council Bluffs is a city six years old, and has a population of some 4,000 souls. It is located opposite Omaha, the capital of Nebraska, commands a heavy trade, and contains some very fine blocks of build-ings, and is some three miles from the Missouri River. The place was originally settled by the Mormons, in 1848, by whom the town was commenced, and many farms opened in the region. They established a Press here and called the place Kanesville, but the greater portion of that people emigrated to Utah, in 1650. The place now contains the land office, several churches, some fine hotels, and one of the finest and most spa-cious halls in the State. "Jane's Block" is a splen-did edifice, and would be a credit to any city. Coun-cil Bluffs has for many years been the principal out-staning point for California, Oregon, and Utah, and still has a considerable trade in that direction. A mass Railroad Convention has recently been held in this piece for the purpose of organizing a company to build a road southward to the Stale line, to connect the road, about being built from St. Josephs to the north line of the State.
The Company was fully organized, and nearly enough stock subscribed to build the road. Much en-thusiasm characterized the proceedings, and an im-mediate railroad connection with St. Joseph's is among the fixed facts of the times.
Times are rather dull here, and money scarce, yet much land is being entered each day, and a very large amount of land, more than usual, is put into crops this season, and generally looking well. Emi-gration is steadily pouring into the country, a large majority of which are agriculturists, and seek farms in the rural regions, or strike out a new path into the wild rolling prairies, where they will soon be sur-rounded with comforts and happiness.
There is some little excitement in regard to the Utah war, in this section. This being the old quarters of Mormondom, the people are generally better ac-quainted with them than are those living more remote from this great route of travel, and in fact there are very many families of Mormons living throughout this section of country, most of whom are intelligent, industrious and much respected. One gentlemanly-appearing man was pointed out to me on the street, this morning, an official in the church, who controls most of the building in this city, and is said to be the best and most reliable mechanic in the place. It is said he has an interesting family, and a daughter that performs on the piano admirably. There appears to be an intense anxiety on the part of the Mormons here generally to join the Saints in Utah, and assist them in the contest with their oppressors, and hun-dreds have sold out their possessions here, and wait with anxiety for the moment when they may start across the plains. Every boat is bringing to the fron-tiers here numbers who also await for "counsel " to start. Col. HAIGHT, with a company of fifty Danish Mormons—smart-looking fellows—arrived here a day or two since, and intend to cross to Utah somehow, and will start out immediately. H. S. ELDRIDGE has just arrived from St. Louis, where he has been acting as agent for the church. He intends to start out with a small company on the north side of the Platte, and says he has faith he shall get through ; that "the way will be opened."
I am told that there are numbers of Mormon fami-lies residing at Omaha, Florence and Crescent City, where I shall soon make a visit, and gather some in-teresting matter, no doubt, from the "faithful" them-selves. The people here wish to see Utah admitted as a State, and the difficulty thus finally settled—and I, with them, think that to be most decidedly the most politic and profitable mode of adjustment. I have been favored with the perusal of a letter written by one of the officials in high standing in Utah, to a Mor-mon friend in this place, and have beer, permitted to copy the portion following, which most certainly in-dicates a confidence and determination, on the part of the Mormons, they are not generally credited with. The letter is in fine, beautiful chirography, and well written. It is dated at GREAT SALT LAKE CITY, March 4, 1858.
We are now preparing to meet our enemies in any way and on any ground they may take ; and I know that whichever course they may take, "they will I wish they had taken the other." There is a fixed and universal determination here to be free to choose our own rulers, and we will light, God willing, until we gain that point, if it take ten years or fifty, The United States could conquer France and England easier than they can us, and we will prove it if that idiot BUCHANAN persists in his mad career against us. Fool, fool, that he is—never did a Leonidas or a Tell gather around them a more noble or determined band of patriots than has BRIGHAM YOUNG. One-third of its here are descendants from Revolutionary patriots. Their blood flows through our veins, and a second time will their blood be offered upon the al-tars of Liberty, for freedom and the Constitution; and whilst the Rocky Mountains remain we never can, nor never will be conquered, We have counted the cost to us, and are joyous to make the sacrifice. Our motto—"Millions for defence, but not one cent for tribute" —God and Liberty—the Constitution and our rights ; and if the United States persists in sending troops here, they will and shall most assuredly learn where is that bourne from whence no traveler returns." We I have the will, the way, the means, the determination and the Thermopylae, and God's right hand man to lead us, and who knows how the thing is done; and we are the rough, hardy, fearless mountain boys that can do anything; and I will prophesy, in my own name, that ten years hence the Mississippi will be the eastern bounds of the State of Deseret, that is, if we do right, and the United States continue to oppress and persecute us, for we will carry the war to their own doors, and teach them by experience what we have suffered from their hands. * * * *
Another writes to a brother "to hasten forward—that there is far more fear of danger on this side of the mountains than in Utah.—That the people are cheerful, fearless, and determined, and are steadily attending to their own business, and preparing for the worst.” He writes that a large powder-factory is being run night and day—that different sizes of can-on are being cast that two hundred men are steadi-ly engaged in the manufacture of revolving rifles, and pistols, and other destructive weapons, offensive and defensive, some of which are new inventions, and never before known. He advises the "Saints" to hasten, if possible, to the valleys of the mountains, as the present hard times are only a commencement of the "judgments now about to be poured out upon the wicked."
I must close my lengthened communication, and leaves little news for next time. The weather, here-tofore cool and wet, has now become charming, and the flower-covered prairies are fanned by sweet-scented zephyrs. There appears to be some fears entertained that grasshoppers will do damage to crops, but we see little cause for alarm. That insect came over here from Minnesota last Fall, and de-posited their eggs, which are now hatching out.
Yours truly. J. E. J.
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