Correspondence of The N. Y. Tribune.
GREAT SALT LAKE CITY, Aug. 24, 1860.
With the exception of two or three Gentile firms here, the whole of the merchants are selling off and the general pay for the gewgaws is the wheat and flour of the country. Reports have reached here that Eastern and Western merchants have flooded Pike's Peak with goods which they can neither sell nor give away, ac-cordingly our merchants have their eyes turned toward the diggings, purposing to buy for next to nothing, and to flood this market. The Perrys made an assignment last week for the benefit of creditors. This weak the assignees sold out, and next week the firm moves on a train with flour to Pike's Peak. Capt. A. B. Miller has a train of upward of two hundred wagons almost ready for the read, with the same destination and the same freight. Barnes is fitting out a train, and Hocka-day & Burr Have just sold out, and are to go to Denver City, taking in pay for their stock wheat, flour and cake for that market. Others are doing the same thing, so that by the time all the bills are met, the grain of the country will be drained to a lower figure than the community, in such a position, and subject to such vi-cissitudes, seem warranted in doing. Beside this drainage upon the market, the contracts for the army from henceforth will be made entirely within the Ter-ritory, instead of supplies being brought from the Mis-souri at the modest figure of $28 40 per 100 pounds.
Yes erday a ease which has had considerable interest, and been pending before the Probate Court for the last twelve months—Clawson agt. Hartnett—was settled in favor of the plaintiff. Secretary Hartnett, leaving a year ago for the States, left his affairs rather unset-tled, and the action in the present case was for $400 rent and $300 damages to the property. The ad-ministrator of Hartnett's estate petitioned Judge Sin-clair to restrain the action of the Probate Court on that eternal question of difficulty between the Courts. The writ of prohibition was served on the Judge and the plaintiff till the then next term of the District Court. No Judge, being in the Territory, and the term of Court having expired, the case came up again before the Probate Judge. On the third sitting of the Court the petition and bonds of the administrator were asked for by the Judge, and on examination, the signature of Judge Sinclair was discovered wanting, which imme diately quashed the injunction. The rent claim was allowed, and $275 damages for the property, which not unlikely will end in The Valley Tan press and fixtures passing into the hands of some Mormon as that is the only property of the deceased Secretary that, is now in the Territory. How changing are the affairs of men! The engine that was to help Mr. Buchanan to break up Mormonism falls into the ranks of the other party.
There are over 150 cases on the record of the Third Judicial District Court still undisposed of, most of which had been dock ted previous to the adjournment of the last term of the Court, held here over a year ago. In the First District Court, there are not less than ten or twelve indictments for murder still remaining un-tried, and the parties not arrested. One prisoner, De-los M. Gibson, has been over one year in prison await-ing his trial. Utah is the best abused country, judici-ally, of any part of Uncle Sam's domains. The Dis-trict Judges would not permit the Probate Judges to act, and now they have themselves left the Territory, and nothing can be done. At the present time I am justified in saying that the Gentiles are now the loudest in their denunciations of the Lake District Judges. They can have no settlement of their claims, there are many thousands of dollars unsettled, and the worst feature in the affair is that there is not the slightest prospect of another term of the District Court being held again. Where are the newly-appointed Judges? Yes, where? Waiting, probably, to see the result, of the 6th of November, and if fatal to Democracy, they will never cross the plains for the few months of office between that and March.
Col. P. St. George Cooke, the new commander of the Department of Utah arrived at Camp Floyd on Saturday with about eighty recruits. The Colonel is well spoken of by the people here. The Mormon battalion that went to California in 1846 km was under his command. In 1858 a letter got; Into the New-York papers with his name to it, charging the Mormons with cowardice, and other bad qualities, which led to the first steps of a challenge on the part of one of the Mormon Generals. The Colonel disclaimed author-ship, and I believe to this day is igno-rant of its author. I have reason for believing it was wholly a fault of the printers. The offensive letter came from the Adjutant-General's quarters by the same mail as Col. Cooke's account of the disastrous expedition of his cavalry in the Winter of 1857. The printers, in the hurry of making up the paper probably stuck the Colonel's last paragraph with his signature, on to the other letter. His gentlemanly conduct on this occasion, and his gen-eral course with the battalion in 1847, will go far to create a better feeling than anything that has yet ex-isted between the civil , and military authorities here.
Col. G. H. Grossman. A. Q. M. G., and Capt. Turn-ley of the same Department have obtained leave of absence. The Colonel is to be succeeded by Capt. Cleary of St. Louis. I believe that there are a great many of the officers in daily expectation of "leave of absence." Two Winter's in Camp Floyd are enough; but if the past have been trying to the patience of these gentlemen, the heavy dullness of '60-‘61 is destined to be unsupportable. Camp Floyd is a deserted village. The Hon. Wm. H. Hooper returned from Washington last week. He appeared at the Bowery last Sunday, and, I believe, talked to his constituents. I did not hear him; but am informed that his "remarks" were confined to the struggles of the day, and "the confusion that reigns in Babylon." Mr. Hooper will return to Washington before November, taking his family with him.
Last week a few of the women of Provo burned down a distillery in that place.
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