Correspondence of The N. Y. Tribune.
SALT LAKE CITY, September 18, 1862.
The Mormon Elders are beginning to arrive from their missions abroad. The first hatch put in their appearance this week. Senator Hooper got into the city on Sunday evening, accompanied by Gen. H. P. Eldredge and Capt. Jos. W. Young; Amasa Lyman, Charles C. Rich, two of the Twelve Apos-tles, and about a dozen leading elders arrived on Tuesday evening. Hooper was at Washington tor the admission of Deseret into the Federal Union, Eldredge bought the church goods in the Atlantic cities, Young did the outfitting of the emigrants on the frontiers, and the apostles and elders did consid-erable of the preaching that prepared the "Saints" of Europe for "coming to Zion." By-the-bye, I notice in a recently received TRIBUNE that one of the disciples came too far in that direction and slid back again to your city with a woeful tale about losing £12 and his wife. He ought to be very thankful for such dispensations of Providence—i. e. if his stories are only true. Many a brave fellow would give more than a dozen pounds for his sweet experi-ence. N'importe, to the subject.
The Emigration Agent represents that there are at the present moment upward of 5,000 Saints on the plains, 640 wagons, 4,000 quadrupeds, and more than 100 tuns of machinery. By the Mormon agents in Europe, since April 16, 1861, to May 19, 1862, a period of thirteen months and three days, no less than twelve ships were chartered for this emigration—all arriving at New-York. Seven of the ships sailed from Liverpool, four from Hamburg, and one from Havre, and a few others came by "miscellaneous ships." Of nationalities, there were 2,612 English, 251 Scotch, 309 Welsh, 19 Irish, 1,515 Danes, 515 Swedes, 115 Norwegians, 180 Swiss, 3 Italians, 21 Germans, 5 French, and 11 Americans, making a total of 5,556. These figures exhibit that England still keeps the lead in furnishing disciples to the new faith, and Scandinavia is close after it. Of course, both of these countries have a larger supply of missionaries than the others—propagandism hav-ing full swing there—while in France and Italy it is almost certain banishment to attempt “the spread of the work;" besides, there is a magnificent lot of priests and monks in both countries, and these gen-tlemen, with all due respect to them, are everything but the patrons of innovations.
The figures I present to your readers will suggest considerably more to them than the change of resi-dence and faith of so many persons. It exhibits the steady development of the wilderness, and the open-ing up of almost an unknown country. Mormons are great preachers abroad and great workers at home. Faith is an excellent thing, no doubt of it; but works are very essential in the desert. Brigham, the chief, in one of his jocular moments, speaking of titles, is reported to have said: "Whether I am a prophet or not, I have been a pro-fit to the people." He is now down South, so it is said, to see the cot-ton country, "visiting Dixie," on the borders of the Rio Virgin and the Santa Clara, with the view of seeing where he can most pro-fit-ably send this mass of emigrants. I much misjudge him if the most of that machinery does not go down where he will personally fix it during this visit, and in a very few years he will crack his fingers at both Jeff. Davis and Manchester." His head is level"—“well screwed on."
California views with satisfaction this yearly in-crease of a new and foreign element into her neigh bor Utah. We may be all dreamers and visionaries to you Atlantic folks; but "manifest destiny" points to that railroad, new States, new Territories, and numerous cities, where now roam the buffalo, the wolf, the bear, and the savage Indian—more ferocious than them all. The introduction not only of so many families of the working classes from abroad, and the migration of many from the States, but bringing with them the means of existence and labor, ensures the development of the country. The agent that furnishes the numbers of immigrants, wagons, cattle, and machinery, laughed when he said "a hundred tuns of machinery." "That is the Church machinery," said be; "but what amount of machinery is brought by private individuals I am un-able to say." In hopes of seeing that Pacific Railroad built, I view with great satisfaction the increase of "material aid," and when the citizens of Utah fulfil the prophesies in "eating their own bread and wearing their own apparel," Uncle Sam will, I think, be perfectly satisfied with the progress of events in the West.
The messenger and repairer in the telegraph office here, a German named Peter Graul, met with a very serious accident on Monday morning, which resulted in the amputation of his left arm. Peter was filling the battery cups with nitric acid, and the carboy was about to slip from his hands, when, in attempt-ing to save it, his left arm broke the carboy and the glass made a fearful gash in his arm, cutting through flesh, sinews and arteries to the bone. The torture of such a cut, saturated with nitric acid, must have, been awful. The poor fellow had nigh bled to death, when surgical aid arrived. The amputation of the arm is expected to save him, but he is still dangerously ill. Peter was a very excellent em-ployee, polite messenger, and much respected. He will no doubt be well cared for by the company. Mr. Stickney, the manager, is unremitting in his at-tentions to him.
The Daily Overland Mail continues to arrive with great regularity—a standing, or rather a running, rebuke to some persons in the East, who seem, in spite of every fact to the contrary, to misrepresent everything west of the Missouri River. There is no difficulty with the Indians on the mail route—none whatever, and none likely to be, unless wire-working and double-games should succeed in making one. Mr. Centre, the Treasurer of the Overland Mail Company, from New-York, is expected here in a few days, and Mr. Fred. Cook, the Assistant Treasurer of the Company, whose office is in this city, but now on business to California, is expected here also about the same time. I am not acquainted with Mr. Centre, but from reputation I should think his testimony of the road will be very acceptable. Mr. Cook is a New-Yorker, a moral, high-toned gentleman, deservedly respected here by all classes of the community. I shall certainly look for the action of these two gentlemen, when they meet here, to be in the direction of dispelling the gloom and mists that overhang the Eastern Overland Mail route. I cannot help what Generals telegraph, nor what any other person sends to the Postmaster-General, but I do know that since Mr. Holliday changed his stations on to the Cherokee Trail and ran his stages on that route, the service could not have been better performed or more secure from interrup-tion. I am told that Cook has telegraphed to that effect—if so, this will corroborate the facts. It is certainly annoying to know of a million a year being paid for a through overland mail to the Pacific, and at the same time to send it by the Isthmus, while the road is as secure as travel in New-York city.
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