COMMON SENSE IN UTAH.
Gov. BRIGHAM YOUNG'S Annual Message to the Legislature of Utah was delivered on the 13th of Decem-ber, but the Mail which brought it over the Plains was detained by snow and frost till last month. This Mes-sage is shorter than those of most Governors, and has more homely good sense than is usually exhibited in documents of like character. The following extract will show how naturally men talk common sense with regard to a diversity of Industrial pursuits when placed above or outside of the slavery of partisanship:
"Domestic manufactures, I am happy to state, are in a flourishing condition; considerable quantities of Leather and Crockery having found their way into market, and a large amount of clothing has been made, principally by the hands of the 'good housewife,' who thereby adds dignity to her station, and reflects credit and honor upon her house hold. Specimens of lron have also been forwarded from the Works in Iron County, which, for the first run, was ex-ceedingly flattering. It separates well, but owing to sul-phur in the coal, not being sufficiently extracted, was there-by injured; but a little experience in combining material, and continued effort, it is believed, will soon produce that article in great abundance, and of good quality. A liberal hand should be extended unto the enterprising men who have nobly devoted their time, under circumstances of penury and want, in producing an article of so much mo-ment as Iron, to the urgent necessities and future wealth of the Territory. It will soon pay its own way, and be-come a source of profit to the producers; but until returns can be received, the enterprise exhausts the means of operators, and they should be relieved by the public funds.
"Every species of Domestic Manufacture should meet with the most liberal encouragement from the Legislature. It is gratifying to witness the exertions and success of the people thus far in supplying their own wants, and the con-sequent independence which it is gradually but surely in-spiring in their bosoms; but much remains to be done. Unquestionably, in a sparsely peopled country, settled by those persons who, having exhausted all their means in ac-complishing their journey to the Territory, manufactures must spring up in the domicil of the citizen; the spinning-wheel and the hand-loom must discourse their parlor music, and chant melodies at the fireside of the thrifty artisan. A thousand miles of land transportation will long afford pro-tection and encouragement for such productions. The Ter-ritory is fast filling up with the requisite material, and a growing disposition on the part of the people to furnish their own supplies—to rely upon their own exertions and home productions for home consumption—will surely re-sult in ample resources of wealth and independence to the people, and add dignity and influence to the State. The road to affluence is not pursued by any surer method than by a well directed industry and perseverance. Labor is wealth, and supplies the world with luxuries, comforts and necessaries, which gold could never purchase. The former is productive of wealth, but the latter impoverishes. In the poverty of the State, but little if any direct assistance can be granted; but associations of labor and capital may be sanctioned by law, and greatly tend to inspire enterprise.
"I do therefore most earnestly desire that you will lend your aid, influence and power to promote Home Manufac-tures. It will also have a tendency to classify labor, and create a market for the products of the soil. In this con-nection, it is proper to remark that, so far as extensive ma-chinery and internal improvements are concerned,—such as factories, steam-enginery, railroads, &c.,—all depends upon the development of the resources of the Territory, and mainly in producing Iron. The folly of depending upon procuring machinery from without the Territory is man-ifest, although it might answer to commence business; yet when repairs are to be made, or accidents by breakage or otherwise are to be remedied, it would be suicidal to any enterprise to be obliged to suspend operations until such remedy could be procured from the Eastern manufactories. It therefore becomes necessary to manufacture machinery itself, in order to be able to construct machinery for all use-ful purposes.
"To any nation, the encouragement of the laboring classes is fraught with wisdom. To dig for the Iron, the Copper, the Gold, all precious things to beautify and adorn the earth, and to excel in workmanship, for the benefit and use of mankind, that they may be comfortable and happy, and to draw forth the inventive genius of the intellectual faculties, in order that the Earth, and her subseqaentinhab-itants, may be benefitted by the best services of her citi-zens during their temporary sojourn thereon, while passing the ordeal of life in time, all conspire, not only to the wel-fare of society, in befitting the earth for its reception; but also in expanding the mind, inciting its energies, its enter-prize ; qualifies it for an exalted existence, and contributes to the welfare and happiness of human beings.
"I have dwelt more particularly upon this subject, feel-ing its importance, and knowing that it is fraught with an abiding interest to the welfare, growth and prosperity of the Territory, and the consequent convenience, comfort and advancement of the people.
"If all the people of the Territory, would dispense with every article of manufactured goods, except such as were manufactured in their own families, until they could be pro-duced by manufactories established among themselves within the Territory; even if it had to be dons at the sacri-fice of a few comforts in the first instance, and at the ex-pense of raising a little less grain, or cultivating a few less acres of land, they would in my opinion find their own in-terest materially advanced, and the circulating medium would soon find its home in the Territory, instead of travel-ing to Eastern cities, to defray the expenses of imported goods.''
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