STATE OF DESERET.—A recent article in the Dayton (Ohio) Transcript led to the conclusion that the Government of this new State was based on a Theo-cracy, but an examination of the liberal Constitution formed by the inhabitants of Salt Lake Valley, compels the Transcript editor to retract the unfounded charge he made against the Deseretians. The Transcript says of the Constitution of Deseret:
It prescribes a regular Republican form of Govern-ment, and is modeled after the best Constitutions of the olden States. It does not, as was supposed, par-take of the character of a Theocracy. The Governor and Senators are elected once in four years, and Rep-resentatives every two years. The Legislature meets annually. One article guaranties perfect religious freedom.
The following, by an intelligent correspondent, (W. B. Taylor, in a recent letter from Salt Lake City,) is a complete refutation of the stale charges made against the people of Deseret:
The progress they have made in Agriculture in two years, is most astonishing; being able at this time to supply the immense emigration that is passing through, wish provisions. They ore a generous, hospitable peo-ple, and are doing all they can to alleviate the suffer-ing of emigrants.
Of the Deseret Delegate to Congress, J. A. HARRIS, Esq. Editor of that sterling Whig paper, the Cleveland (O.) Heralds Says:
The advancement of Mr. Babbitt to the honorable post of Delegate to Congress, is a fine illustration of the working of our Republican institutions. We were boys together, and in addition to poverty, young Bab-bitt had to struggle under the degradation of an intem-perate father. Naturally bright, intelligent and active, when approaching manhood be entered into the Mor-mon excitement, at the time Kirtland was the Promised Land, and Rigdon the popular advocate of the divine mission of the Prophet Smith. His early advantages had only been those of this then new country, but in order to defend Mormonism, so unpopular with all other creeds, study, investigation, reflection, and argu-ment were necessary. The young convert goon be-came a zealous talker, next an extorter, and then a popular preacher of the doctrines of the Golden Bible. He united his fortunes with thy persecuted Mormons, and became eminent with them for his zeal, his talents, and sound judgment. When driven from NAUVOO, Mr, Babbitt "stuck his stake" wish his people in the Great Basin, and now claims a saat in Congress ss a Delegate from Beseret. What a change from the barefoot log-cabin boy of our early recollection!
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