Correspondence of The N. Y. Tribune,
GREAT SALT LAKE CITY, Aug. 10, 1860.
The Mormons having concluded that peace has been again restored to Zion, and that nothing is likely to disturb, for a little time at least, their labors in the adornment of their "inheritances," are now prosecut-ing with renewed energy and characteristic enthusi-asm the improvements they had in progress before the entrance of the army. Numerous new works are springing into existence, "indicative," as The News calls it, of anything but an intention on their part of ever selling out and moving to New Guinea, or to any other portion of the habitable globe. They are busy erecting in every settlement substantial buildings for council-houses, court-houses, meeting-houses, and school-houses, Grist and saw-mills, nail facto-ries, founderies, and every kind of machine-shop are becoming common. A few miles from the city Brigham is laying out a nursery with a million trees, which he calculates will, in ten years, turn him in as many dollars. The building of the Great Temple has recommenced, and every spare team is hauling the massive rock from Cottonroad into the city. Of the magnitude of this edifice, your read-ers will form some notion from the fact, that the foun dation alone cost $60,000, and a contract his recently been concluded for the hauling of the rock for the base-ment story, a distance of ten miles, for $80,000. Fo the mere hauling of the rock for the basement story, without considering anything for labor in quarrying, or for the preparing and laying of the rock is this nice little sum to be expended. The building is to cover an area of 21,850 feet. With such matters are the Mor-mons presently occupied, and to talk about quitting Utah is to talk of suicide. Brigham Young knows better, than quit these mountains. In his recent north-ern tour he had to address the anxious crowds who gathered round to greet him, and in the newly pub-lished batch of "remarks," we have some very spicy morceaux as for example:
NOT GOING TO LEAVE.
"Many may inquire, 'how long shall we stay here?' We shall stay here just as long as we ought to. 'Shall we be driven, 'when we go ?' If we will so live as to be satisfied with our-selves, and will not drive ourselves from our homes, we will never be driven from them. Seek for the best wisdom you can obtain, learn how to apply your labor, build good houses, make fine farms, set out apple, pear, and other fruit trees that will flourish here, also the mountain currant and raspberry bushes, plant strawberry beds, and build up and adorn a beautiful city. The question now rises, 'Do you think it best for us to live in cities?' Lay out your cities, but not so large that you cannot readily raise the whole city, should an enemy come upon you "
THE LAND RESERVED FOR THE MORMONS.
"You may inquire why the land has been so long held in re-serve—the design in this country's not being settled by white people, until recently. Until the Latter Day Saints came here, not a person, among all the mountaineers and those who had traveled here, so far as we could learn, believed that an ear of corn would ripen in these valleys. We know that corn and wheat produce abundantly here; and we know that we have an excellent region wherein to raise cattle, horses, and every other kind of domestic animal that we need. We also knew this when we came here thirteen years ago this summer. Bridger said to me, "Mr. Young, I would give a thousand dollars if I knew that an ear of corn could be ripened in these mountains; I have been here twenty years, and have tried it in vain over and over again." I told him, if be would wait a year or two we would show him what could be done. A man named Wells, living with Miles Goodyear, where now is Ogden City, had a few beans growing, and carried water from the river in a pail to irrigate them."
WHAT BRIGHAM THINKS OF THE MOVE SOUTH.
"What do you think, Br. Brigham, of our conduct during the move, and under the circumstances since that time ?" ''I think that the very great majority of you have done extremely well. And I do not think that many moved from here but what were perfectly willing to do so A very few say they have been broken up, and they do not know what they shall do The great ma-jority say, 'all is right.' Those few do not understand the true principle of increase. You may plow, sow, plant, irrigate, etc., and you have not power, and will not nave for a long time, to pro-duce one kernel of wheat. Some do not seem to resize that the Lord gives or takes away, increases or diminishes, at his pleas-ure. After the devil, by permission, had stripped Job of his pos-sessions, in a short time toe Lord blest him with a greatly in-creased abundance. The Lord suffered the devil to strip him of what he had blest him with, and then increased those blessings. Thus it is with His people in all ages."
"The people here are rich. Look at those who were in Mis-souri, in Nauvoo, and in Winter Quarters, and there are only a very few but what are now worth more than they ever expected to be. The Lord has increased our flocks and herds, until some are sorry they have so many for the Indians and thieves to drive away. Look at the fields, the settlements, the good houses, and the numerous comforts and conveniences calculated to make home useful and happy. Throughout the Territory you see a people more industrious than any other people in the world, and one that produces more than any other we are acquainted with."
"We enjoy a great privilege in being gathered out from the wicked. We now have the privilege of associating together, not only as individuals, families, neighborhoods, and cities, but God has provided the place where we can assemble, as it were, in a national capacity. We are now in the relationship, so to speak, of a limb or branch pertaining to the Federal Govern-ment, which must grow, increase, spread, and prosper exceed-ingly."
A DIG AT THE GENTILES.
"Our neighbors, who have driven us from them, wish to civil-ize us. You have had a little experience in the lessons of their civilization—in the drunkenness, quarreling, debauchery, fight-ing, and tumbling into ditches. They wish to civilize us! But I do not want to talk about it. They are to be pitied, for they are ripening for destruction.
"Be faithful, humble, prayerful, and watchful"; and be sure to live your religion. Store up your surplus grain, and when you have done that, do, to speak ironically, as some have take every pound of butter, every dozen of eggs, every bushel of grain, and every good thing you can lay hold of, to those who would cut our throats, if they had the power. Had they the power, they would slay every soul that would not renounce this work. They have not the power, and never will have. Israel will be fathered, the poor will be gathered, and this land of Joseph will be freed from oppressors. Their power is broken, and they will go down to the pit, while Zion will arise, and wicked men and devils cannot prevent it. God has decreed this, and we are going to help him perform it, and bring righteousness upon the land; and the righteous will see the day when they can say their prayers and lay down in peace, for murderers will not be around them.
"Shall we, like the Presbyterians, Methodists, and others, simply prepare to die, and then depart ? No, I intend to perse-vere in fighting the devil until he is driven from the face of the earth, and it is turned into a paradise, and so prepared tha angels and Jesus will come and dwell here. May the Lord bless you. Amen.”
The business part of this city is also rapidly changing in appearance. When the city was first laid out it was intended that all houses should be fenced in, leav-ing twenty feet intervening between the house and the fence at the side walk. When stores were first opened the fences were taken down, leaving a still larger margin for sidewalks. This year, the merchants are adding splendid front buildings on the twenty feet orig-inally reserved for the flower-garden, and making a very handsome street. Everything betokens stay, build, embellish and make yourselves comfortable.
The Federal officers give no indications of coming. It is certainly very annoying to those who have civil suits, and matters that cannot be settled elsewhere than before the District Courts, that they should be left without federal justice. The first of the Mormon emigration from the States arrived here yesterday afternoon, having made the trip from Florence in seventy days, which is remarka-bly good for an ox-train. The emigrants of this com-pany are chiefly from the Western States, with a few from New-York and Long Island. Brigham drove down to see them when they arrived, but beyond giv-ing some of them a few words about taking care of their cattle, the "prophet" was merely a spectator. The emigrants report, a good journey, and abundant grass. They had but one accident—a little girl of six years of age, daughter of Mr. Petit from Long Island, fell from the wagon, and the hind wheel passed over and broke her left leg. She was brought in upon a lit-ter from some, miles east of Fort Bridger a few days ahead of the train. Her limb was properly splintered, and she is doing well.
The northern part of the Territory was visited last Saturday with a heavy and damaging hail-storm. Some of the nail measured an inch and a half in diameter. When it came down upon the corn, it cut it into shreds. It has done a good deal of damage to the crops where it fell.
Companies of emigrants for the West continue to ar-rive from the East and pass on toward the place of their destination. On Friday last, Capt. Randall Fuller, from Fari-bault, Minnesota, arrived via Pike's Peak, with a company of 41 men, 14 wagons, and 37 horses and mules, all well and in good condition. He left on Tuesday for Sacramento by the Central route.
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