Correspondence of The N. Y. Tribune.
GREAT SALT LAKE CITY, Sep. 7, I860.
Associate-Justice Flenniken, Secretary Wooton, and Marshal Grice arrived here last. Monday week. Judge Kinney is expected shortly, and Superintendent Davis and the other Associate-Justice, Crosby, must soon make their appearance, if they have any intention ever coming to the Territory. Judge Flenniken and the Marshal expect to leave for Carson County dating the incoming week. Having a decent respect for their scalps, they have made application to the Commander of the Department of Utah, who consents to furnish them escort from station to station between this and Car f on City. An officer of the British Army—Captain R F. Barton—arrived about the same time, on his way to the Pacific with the in-tention of passing from San Francisco to the Amoor River; up that, as far as possible, overland the rest of the journey to St. Petersburg and back again to Eng-land, and all in the short space of six months and a little over. The Captain. I believe, is well known as a traveler and writer, and from appearances, I should judge he is preparing matter for another volume of travels. He labors constantly with the pen, and the remainder of the day he is about with the pencil and scarp-book, recognizing no faction here, passing one hour with the Governor and that side of the commu-nity, and another with the chief of the Mormons, or any person who can furnish him facts and data on the country, i s institutions, the people, and their history.
Several companies of Mormon emigrants have re-cently arrived from the States, and more are talked of as daily expected. Upward of 200 persons came into the city with one company of hand-carts. As they merged from the last cañon, the streets leading east- ward were soon crowded with buggies, wagons, and other vehicles, bearing the anxious friends and the cu-rious public, who went out with music to greet the pil-grims on arriving at their "haven of rest." Some few seemed weary and footsore, with their journey of more than a thousand miles; but the general company showed life enough to pull along their kettles, pa is, bedding, aid wardrobe. There had been two births on the way, and one death. Some were loud in their praises of this peculiarly Mormon style of emigration; but others, no doubt, had they known the teak of eighty days' pulling and pushing over sand hills, bad roads and through rivers, would probably have rested at home, the loyal subjects of her Britannic Majesty. Among the number already arrived there are many foreigners, and I notice in The News another entire hand-cart company of Scandi-navians expected about the end of the present mouth. On arrival at the camping-ground in the city the digni-taries of the Church met the emigrants and ordered the several bishops to provide for them—which was a very satisfactory change to the poor people, as they hid nothing left of the provision allowed them for the journey. I heard some of them telling their friends that the labor of the journey was nothing when there was plenty of food; but without an abundance, which several times been the case, they were painfully weak and ready to give up. The commisarait depart-ment of the company generally comes in for a liberal share of charges of favor to the few and the neglect of the many, and that the tea, coffee sugar, and the extra et cæteras intended for the whole journey, thus vanish before the half of the journey is made. For the last two or three weeks on the plains, the ingenuity of the most sagacious among them was taxed to provide a diversity in the way of using the flour and the water, and the now meager remnant of the pork-barrel. It is astonishing how faith and hope, with a few songs, have helped to eke out the scanty rations, and enable the devoted pilgrims to enter the city with smiling faces and glad hearts
An interesting case is now before the Probate Court of this city—an action of trespass brought by Brigham Young, sen., against Peter K. Dotson, late United States Marshal for this Territory. The grounds of the action are these: Mr. Dotson, over a year ago, ar-rested a man named McKenzie, who was charged with forging Quarter-Master's drafts on the Assistant-Treasurer of the United States at St. Louis. The Marshal, after arresting McKenzie, repaired to a room in the "Deseret Store," where McKenzie had been working in the service of the plaintiff, engraving copper plates for the "Deseret Currency Association.' The Marshal and those who accompanied him were warned at the time that the property in that place was not that of McKenzie. Everything, however, was taken from the engraving room to the camp. After a lapse of a year, the plaintiff institutes suit against the Marshal for trespass in taking the plates, and damages to the amount of $2,668.
On the 23d ult. the plaintiff attached the defendant's horses, carnage and harness, wagons and household furniture. The first sitting of the Court was on the 25th. The counsel for the defense filed a motion for continuance, stating for cause the absence in the States of a material witness in the case; also, that the Mar-shal had acted by virtue of a warrant issued against McKenzie (charged with forgery) by the District Court; that, the said warrant was now in the possession of the clerk, also living at a distance in the Territory. The motion was argued and the Court sustained, and ad-journed to the 31st. At the second sitting of the Court the Governor and Gen. Burr were present as witnesses. Defense filed another motion for a farther continuance of the case in order to procure the warrant, and also to have present Capt. Henry Heath, an important wit-ness from Camp Floyd. Court met again on the 5th nst., and counsel for defense withdrew the answer to the complaint and secured another adjournment. Yes-terday, counsel for defense filed a plea in bar, and counsel for plaintiff filed a demurrer, which led to ar-gument, adjournment, and meeting again, the Court sustained the demurrer, and allowed the defense to plead over. Counsel for defense presented a demurrer to that part of the complaint which prayed for an attachment to issue against the goods and chattels of the defendant, which the Court refused to entertain. The same coun-sel gave notice that they would except to the ratings of the Court. A new answer was filed by the counsel for the defendant, and issue being joined the Jury was im-panneled last evening, and this morning at. 9 o'clock, McCormick and De Wolf on the defense, Mills, Stout, and Ferguson on the prosecution meet to test their le-gal acumen; and the affair, as is generally expected, will probably wind up with the triumph of the plain-tiff and no doubt followed by an appeal to the District Conn.
There is now no District Judge here, except Flenni-ken, and he is appointed to another district and has no jurisdiction here. Should Judge Crosby take as long to get here as his associates after their appoint- men e, the ex Marshal is certain to suffer great incon-venience and probably an unwelcome and disagreeable sojourn here over Winter. I have been particular in giving details in this case, as there are many gentlemen in the States at the present time who were somewhat engaged in his business at the time it occurred, and are doublets interested in it.
While on the subject of court business, I might notice some outsiders have a fair prospect of being treated to a little attention for numerous pecadilloes, which are still better unmentioned. A Federal officer opens the ball to-day, unless it gets hushed up by compromise. An elderly lady is prosecutor for a legitimate and hon-orable claim; but the son, terribly enraged, has tried to get up courage enough for coffee and pistols, and threatens terrible exposure. Should all be developed before the Court, of course present reserve is no longer neces-ary, I cannot help thinking that this present state of things will be an admirable lesson to the new Federal officers, and possibly lead to a better in the future. So far as speech may be taken as an indica-tion of intent, the new arrivals may be set down as taking a fair start.
Lieut. Col. Howe's dragoons are expected to return in a few days from their Summer expedition on the Northern route between this and California, to take position on the Central route, for the purpose of pro-tecting the express between this and Carson City. Col Crossman leaves for the east at the end of the present month. Other officers accompany him. None of them are expected to return, and I believe one offi-cer speaks of leaving the service altogether. The camp is painfully dull.
Miller, Russell & Co. have for some time been fit-ting up a train for Pike's Peak, to take out a large quantity of flour, loading some of their wagons in thus city, and some at Provo, and other places in Utah County; and on Tuesday, 28th ult., the last of the wagons, constituting a train of 53 of those large freight vehicles left Provo City, to join the others that had preceded them in Provo cañon, when they all moved forward for the place of destination, each, freighted with from two to two and a half tuns of flour. The same firm, it is reported, are intending to start out another large train for the same place shortly.
C. A, Perry & Co., and Moore and Green have pent out teams loaded with provisions, and Hockaday & Burr are fitting up a large number of wagons to take flour to the mining regions of Kansas or else-where, and are wanting a host of teamsters by the 15 th inst.
The firm of J. Calisher & Co., also merchants in this city, are engaged in a similar enterprise, and are fitting up a train for the Peak.
This outfitting for the Peak has led to a movement among the farmers in one part of the Territory, in, which they pledge themselves to sell no wheat under per bushel. This is like locking the door after the horse is stolen. The merchants have probably re-ceived, long ere this, every bushel they want; and the movement, if it accomplish anything, must fall hard on the citizens, who are certainly the wrong persons to be pinched by it.
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