ONE WEEK LATER FROM UTAH.
NEWS FROM THE ARMY.
Important Indian Rumors from Oregon.
From Our Own Correspondent.
GREAT SALT LAKE CITY, Friday, July 30, 1858.
On Monday next there will be held a general election throughout the Territory for members of the Legislature and for County officers. The "Gentiles" are making preparations to vote on an Independent ticket, and to elect, if possible, good and true men to fill the offices, which are now occupied by mere tools of the Mormon priesthood. The "Gentile" inhabit-ants reside principally in Great Salt Lake, Cedar and Green River counties.
At a caucus held in this city a few evenings since, the following persons were nominated for election upon their ticket in this county.
For Representatives—Orson Hyde, Abel Gilbert, John Taylor, James Monroe Livingston, Edward Hunter Jefferson Hunt, John W. Powell, Seth ML Blair Thomas S. Williams, Daniel Spencer, Albert G. Browne, Jr., W. J. McCormick.
For Selectman—William H. Hooper.
For Sheriff—John B, Kimball
For County Recorder—Curtis E. Bolton.
For Treasurer—Thomas D. Brown.
For Justices of the Peace—David A. Burr, William Nixon.
For Constables—E. M. Scott, P. T. Jackman,
For Pound-Keeper—John Geer.
As it would be impossible to obtain a single vote other than those of the Gentiles, upon a tick-et composed entirely of Gentiles, it was considered best that the vote should be cast upon a Union ticket, comprising some of the more liberal and influential Mormons.
Even with this modification—which may be objec-tionable in some respects—it is not at all probable that our candidates will be elected in opposition to he Church ticket, for the section of the law regu-ating elections in this Territory, which provides that the vote of each elector shall be numbered, and that, when he has deposited it in the ballot box, "the Clerk shall write the name of the elector, and opposite it the number of his vote," will prevent a large number from voting who would otherwise do so.
This election will serve, however, as an earnest of of what we hope to accomplish in the future. But the future welfare of our Territory depends not upon our efforts alone. We need the active coöperation of our friends at home.
As long as the Church charter remains in full force, civil Government cannot be supported in this Ter-ritory. The Church now owns three-fourths of all the available property in the Territory ; by its Char-ter this property is exempt from taxation, and nearly all of the Church leaders and most prominent Mor-mons having "consecrated" their property to the Church, the whole burden of the Government falls upon the poorer classes of the Mormon population, and upon the Gentiles residing in the Territory. Again, by the Territorial laws passed by the Church Legislature, a large proportion of the moneys which should legitimately pass into the Territorial Treasu-ry, are diverted from this, their proper and lawful de-pository, and are paid into the Church fund. We may cite, for instance, the statute which provides that "all property left by any deceased or abscondent person, when there is no legal claimant known, or sufficiently near to see to it in season," or the avails thereof, shall be placed in the possession of the Per-petual Emigration Fund.
Congress must repeal the Church Charter and re-vise our code of laws.
I am informed that the authorities of the Church have recently refused to receive or redeem the notes of the Deseret Currency Association. These notes are made payable in live stock upon presentation of $100 ; BRIGHAM YOUNG is the President of the Asso-ciation. This has become almost the only money in circulation among the people ; the Church having taken in all the gold, and issued these notes in its stead. The Gentile merchants have, however, of course, refused to receive the notes in payment for goods, and now the Church has adopted the same course.
This course has created more dissatisfaction among the people against their leaders than almost any-thing which could have been done, for it is so gene-rally in circulation that its sudden depreciation will be felt severely by almost every Mormon in the Territory.
It is a significant fact that we are constantly be-sieged by females, begging to be permitted to do our washing; sweet little girls, nice young women, staid matrons, venerable females—first wives and spiritu-als—first one and then another call upon us for wash-ing. Our efforts to supply the demand avail not, for the cry is, still they come.
It is rumored about town that Governor CUMMINS and Dr. FORNEY, Superintendent of Indian Affairs, have changed their views somewhat in regard to the Mormons in general, and some Mormons in parti-cular.
BRIGHAM YOUNG, HEBER KIMBALL, D. H. WELLS, and a party of Church dignitaries left this city at the be-ginning of the week on a pleasure excursion to Cot-tonwood Cañon, from which they returned last eve-ning. Their departure gave rise to a rumor that they intended to flee from the Territory.
IMPORTANT INDIAN NEWS FROM OREGON.
We have received through parties who have re-cently arrived from the Flathead country, in Wash-ington Territory, further particulars in regard to the rumored murder of Colonel STEPTOE and a party un-der his commend, by the Indians in Oregon. The news is contained in a letter received by Father HO-KEN, of the Catholic Mission in the Flathead country, from Father JOSET, of the Coeur d'Aléne Mission, near the mouth of the Snake River, in Washington Territory. From this letter it appears that about the middle of the month of May last, the settlers and miners at Colville, on the Columbia River in Ore-gon, having been very much annoyed during the winter and spring, by the repeated depredations committed by the Indians in that vicinity upon their stock in fields, sent word to Col. STEPTOE at Fort Walla-Walla, begging him to send up a body of sol-diers to protect them. To this message Col. STEPTOE replied that the march of any considerable number of soldiers in that direction would be considered by the Indians as a declaration of war, and that it would inevitably result in a re-opening of hostilities against all the whites. He determined, however, to go up with a small escort and see if it were not possible to prevent these outrages of the Indians, and avert, if possible, the calamities of another In-dian war. In the meantime large bands of the Cayuses, Spokans, Yakamas, Coeur d'Alénes, and Ponderées, to the number of 1,500, had assembled at a spot be-tween the Columbia and Snake Rivers, about 100 miles above the mouth of the latter, for the purpose of digging camass roots, and holding a grand Council together. Father JOSET was present at this Council, meeting in company with a few of the laymen of his mission, in order to endeavor to conciliate and re-concile the Indians, who, in consequence of their re-cent difficulties with the whites, were quite hostile and malicious. This place of gathering was some 80 miles from Colville, and about the same distance from the Coeur d'Aléne Mission, hut Col. STEPTOE'S guide—a Nez Perce Indian—instead of taking him to the Colville settlement, 3ed Mm some 70 miles out of the way, directly into the Indian camp. This, of course, aroused the suspicions of the Indians, al-though Col. S. and the missionaries made every ef-fort, during a short parley which was held, to appease and satisfy them.
In the evening, the Indians charged upon the par-ty—which consisted of 60 men—and killed thirty soldiers and three officers, and stole all of their ani-mals. During the night, the remainder of the party leaving their camp fires burning, made a retreat to- ward Snake River. Their flight was not discovered until morning, when a large party of Indians imme-diately started in pursuit of them. Father JOSET and his party left the camp as soon as they saw that the Indians were bent on hostilities, and traveled back as rapidly as possible to the Coeur d'Aléne mission, which, at the time he wrote, they were preparing to leave.
From this information, it is as yet uncertain wheth-er Col. STEPTOE was killed in the fight. As it is not mentioned whether he was one of the three officers who were killed, our informants, however, fear that the party who escaped that night, being on foot, must have been overtaken and killed also, but they have no information in regard to it.
We learn from another quarter that a war party of Bonnacks have since attacked the Cayuses in their camp and taken from them all of the horses which had been stolen from the soldiers; they also took from the Cayuses several white men's scalps which they found hanging in the lodges.
All of the mountaineers who were living in the Flathead country have left their ranches, and are moving South, as they fear a general war with the Northern Indian tribes. A. B. C.
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