FROM SALT LAKE.
NEW YORK, OCT. 11, 1857.
To the Editor of the Sun:
DEAR SIR: I left the Humboldt river, in Utah Terri-tory, August 3d, and have just arrived in this city, via Great Salt Lake City, Forts Laramie and Kearny, to Missouri river, at St. Joseph's by mules, thence by stage and railroad. The Mormons have an abundant harvest, enough to support triple their present population. While there (Aug. 17th,) a hand-cart train arrived, containing over four hundred men, women, and children—seventy-one days from Missouri river. Nearly all of them were Welsh and English, and were in good health and spirits. BRIGHAM YOUNG and the Elders were much incensed that the President had appointed a Missourian for Governor, as their hatred towards that State, as well as Illinois, is bitter in the extreme. It had been previously understood by them that Major McCulloch, of Texas, had received the appointment. They openly talk and preach in opposition to the Government, in language by no means chaste and refined; and the great mass of the people readily acquiesce, inasmuch as they have no attachment—not even a spark of patriotism—to our Government and its institutions. I have not time to particularize on their movements, as indicating what course they will pursue.
The California emigration has been the largest since 1853, and the amount of stock driven over greater than any previous year. My statistics, taken personally from the trains, are as follows: Cattle, 91,325 head; horses and mules, 7,100, and sheep, 15,730; and these do not embrace the whole, as a portion were going down the Bear river Valley, while I was on the circuitous route to Salt Lake. The grass was completely fed off in the vicinity of the road, and many trains were often compelled to travel four or five miles from the road to find sufficient grazing. Yours, &c. B. F. PRINCE.
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