FROM THE TERRITORY OF UTAH, DIRECT.
We have a file of the "Deseret News" published at Salt Lake City, to the 21st of February. It contains nothing indicative of a disposition on the part of the Mormon people to cast off their allegiance to the General Government. The Territory was peaceful and prosperous. We make a few extracts from the Message of Governor YOUNG to the Legis-lative Council showing the condition and progress of the settlements. It is dated the 5th of January :
"During the past year the settlements have continued to extend, until we now have a line extending from near Bear River on the North, unto within about twenty-five miles of the Southern Rim of the Great Basin, a distance of about three hundred and fifty miles ; and a company is now forming who design making a settlement near the Santa Clara, far beyond that point; also, east and west a few settlements are forming, although not so expensive in those directions. It is desirable that a settlement should be made on Mary's River, in order to preserve peaceful relations with the Indians in that region. They have be-come of late very troublesome to travellers, stealing their animals, robbing and killing them as they have opportu-nity. There is a successful settlement now established on the west side of the Tooele, where the Indians had become so troublesome it was feared that none could be maintain-ed. With the exception of the Indians on Mary's River, peace prevails among all the tribes towards the whites within this Territory, although some few are at war with each other; but, as a general thing, peace and quietness prevail among themselves. This gratifying state of things, it is believed, is consequent upon the humane and consis-tent treatment which has always been exercised towards them by the inhabitants of this Territory; as also attribu-table in part in strictly enforcing that salutary require-ment which prohibits the introduction of that baneful and highly distructive agent called spirituous liquors into their midst.
"The assessment of taxable property within the Ter-ritory for the past year, as you will perceive by reference to the Auditor's report, herewith presented, shows an assessed value of $1,160,888. This result, in comparison with previous years, shows a rapid increase of the resources of this Territory, which, properly husbanded, and future proportional increase, presents a very favora-ble prospect for the rapid development, and extension of the energy and enterprise of this young and vigorous Territory.
"The revenue under the existing laws, arising from the foregoing assessment, fines, &c., amounts to the sum of $26,670.58 ; of this amount there has been collected $16,021.92; leaving a deficiency not yet collected of $10,648.66. Much of this amount will be collected in wheat, as has also been the case with collections already made. Owing to the present scarcity of money, not over one-tenth of the foregoing amount has been collected in that article.
"The expenditures of this Territory, being incurred principally for improvements, renders the grain currency less inconvenient than would probably be the case if it had to be devoted to the payment of interest on bonds, or per diem allowance, fees, &c. of officers.
"Public services, as usual, are gratuitous, with the exception of those who receive their per diem from the General Government.
"The taxes of those engaged in suppressing Indian hostilities have, under the provisions of the present law, in many instances been allowed for services ; a small con-sideration, indeed, when we consider the nature and amount of service rendered. Many of those men hold themselves and animals constantly on hand, and are ready to go at a moment's notice ; although no other compensation has as yet been paid, yet the amount of expenditures thus incurred is for the pastyear $3,457.87.
"The amount paid in bounty for wolf and fox pates during the same time amounts to $2,233; these two items alone are more than one-fifth of the whole amount of revenue, and more than one-third of the whole amount collected.
"The same report of the Auditor shows that for bridges and roads, woollen factory, and university, there have been paid on appropriations $4,725.87,which only leaves a balance of a little over $5,000 to defray the expense of printing, surveys, and various other necessary and inevitable ex-penses of Government; less than one-fourth of the entire amount of tax assessed would ensure to the Territory a larger revenue for the ordinary governmental purposes, were there no appropriations for improvements or en-couragement afforded to enterprise.
"The locating of the seat of government at Pauvan valley will, it is believed, encourage settlers to go there, and very much facilitate the settlement of all suitable places in that region. Under all these considerations, its location at that point appears judicious upon its own merits, and will unquestionably advance the already pros-perous and vastly increasing resources of the Territory. At Fillmore city, one wing of the State House will pro-bably be finished for the accommodation of the ensuing Legislature. This will be built with the funds furnished by the General Government for the erection of suitable public buildings at the seat of government.
"The practice of purchasing Indian children for slaves is a trade carried on by the Mexican population of New Mexico and California. These traders of late years have extended their traffic into the limits of this Territory. This trade I have endeavored to prevent; and this fall, happening to encounter a few of them in my travels as Superintendent of Indian Affairs, strictly prohibited their further traffic. The majority of them appeared satisfied, and, after making a few exchanges of property in the settlements, returned to their own country; unfortunately, however, a few of them still determined to carry on their nefarious traffic; they have been arrested, and are now on their trial in this city."
The "News" of the 7th February explains that the ap-propriation of $20,000 made by Congress, and charged to have been squandered by Governor YOUNG, was applied by the Legislature of the Territory towards the purchase of the State (or Council) House of Deseret, located at the city of Salt Lake. The erection of this structure cost $45,000, and consists of two spacious halls and four offices, two of which are occupied by the books of the Utah Library and as reading rooms. The purchase of this building out of the funds appropriated by Congress was deemed necessary for the accommodation of the Le- gislature until the public buildings at Fillmore City would be completed.
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