THE CITY OF SALT LAKE.
Extract from a Letter of Lieut. J. MITCHELL BRONAUGH, now of California, to his brother, J. W. Bro-naugh, Jr., dated Salt Lake City, July 25, 1852.
“Salt Lake City is situated some three miles west of the Eastern range of mountains that bound the valley. The city is regularly laid out, in form that of a right angle. The squares are immense, and each house has an acre or more of ground attached to it. The houses are built of sun-dried bricks, called adobes, generally one-story high, but there are many two-story houses, and a few three-story. There are two sulphur springs in the vicinity of the town, one of which is the warm sulphur, temperature that of the blood, or 98 degrees by the thermometer. This spring is some two miles north of the town. The hot sulphur is two miles north of the warm sulphur; tem-perature near the boiling point. This spring is a perfect curiosity. It issues from the base of a rook at the foot of the mountains, and a few feet from where it emerges it forms a pool deep enough to swim in, then passes above and under the ground across the road, and forms a large lake which covers more than one hundred acres. I no-ticed duck, curlew, snipe, &c. on the margin of the lake. Salt Lake, twenty miles distant, is a saturated solution of salt. It is in view from almost any point without the city. The Mormons collect all their salt from this lake. It is from 250 to 300 miles in circumference and very shallow, and is slowly receding ; indeed, where there is ; such an extensive evaporating surface, the Lake will, in I process of time, dry up; there is no doubt of it. There are to be seen in it several islands, which are mountain-ous, and from the distance I see them they look as high as any that you see surrounding the basin.
“ Yesterday was the anniversary of the arrival of the pioneers of Mormonism in the valley of the Great Salt Lake. The procession was formed as follows: 1st. Field music ; 2d, the American flag ; 3d, a long line of me-chanics, carrying the emblems of their trades ; 4th, far-mers bearing bundles of wheat and oats ; 5th, a long line of old women, with a banner preceding them, on which was inscribed ‘ Zion’s Daughters,’ ‘ our children are our glory ;’ 6th, grown girls, in white, with straw hats and blue sashes ; 7th, twenty-four young men, in black frock coats and white pantaloons ; 8th, twenty four small boys, in yellow jackets and white pants ; 9th, twenry four lit tle girls in white dresses, blue spencers, straw hats trim-med with pink, and blue belts ; 10th, a dragoon company on foot, blue frock-coats, white pants, Kossuth hats and plumes ; 11th, the bishops of the Mormon church, in long gowns, each bearing a banner with suitable inscrip-tion-. Before each company a banner was carried. In this formation the procession moved through the princi pal streets, and then went to the residence of Governor Young and escorted him to the Tabernacle. The Gov ernor took post with his Counsellors and the Apostles in front of the Bishops. Arrived at the Tabernacle, songs and speeches were sung and made ; after this the pro-cession left the church, and was dismissed opposite the State House. Salutes were fired during the day from Temple Block, which is unbuilt, except its southeastern face, occupied by the Tabernacle.
“ The Tabernacle is a singular affair, some sixty feet wide by upwards of one hundred in depth. It is one story high, shelving roof, with no openings on its flanks. On both its north and south fronts it has two doors and two windows. The interior presents an arched appear-ance ; there are no passages, the whole floor being occu-pied by pews. I attended church last Sunday, and the remarks from those who spoke were just such as you hear in the States. The essential difference between the Mor-mons and others is that the Mormons go in for an unlimit-ed number of wives. A man can have as many wives as he can conveniently support and satisfy. Gov. Young has his full share, and has them quar ered in different parts of the town. The State House is a very creditable edifice, two stories high, and upwards of forty feet square ; the first story is of red rock, second of adobe, and plas-tered red and white, to correspond with the first story. The Legislature meets here, and the Courts hold their sessions here.
“ Gov. Young’s residence is the neatest in town—two stories high, built of adobe, and plastered a light lead color.
“ The Mormons treat us kindly, and profess attach-ment to the Government of the United States. They look upon Judge Brocchus as the author of the illiberal re-ports concerning them. I never was in a place in my life in which apparently morality of the most rigid kind is practised like you see it here. There are no baudy houses in the town, and swearing on the streets is pun-ished by a heavy fine. Contrary to my expectations, I find on inquiry the Americans are in a large majority in the Mormon population. Americans fill all the offices.”
Click tabs to swap between content that is broken into logical sections.