MORE ABOUT THE MORMONS AND THEIR MASSACRES.
Correspondence of The Alta California.
LOS ANGELES, NOV. 9,1857.
All other subjects with us become unimportant when compared with the position which the Mormons and their Indian allies in Utah have assumed Our latest dates from Salt Lake are to the 5th October. The Deseret News contains the sermons of Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, Bishop Taylor, and others. And as it is by means of published sermons of prophetic declations "in the name of the Lord" that the Mor mon leaders instruct the world as to their intentions, it cannot be denied that "a state of war" already ex-ists; that, martial law prevails throughout Utah, and that it is unsafe for any person not a Mormon to travel through that Territory. These sermons are filled with hatred of all that is American, and express a de-termination to resist any and all attempts or the Gov-ernment to exercise any jurisdiction over the Terri tory. So great is their trust in Joseph, and so ferocious their fanaticism, that, according to their sermons, they will raze their towns and villages, burn the grass, and destroy everything that can afford sus-tenance or shelter to man or beast, flee to the mount ains and make predatory war with the Indians upon all the world, sooner than submit to be governed by any rules save those of their own choice. According to Brigham Young, he has been engaged ten years preparing for war. On his arrival in Utah, in 1846, he promised his followers that in ten years they should defy the United States in arms. The years are ac-complished, and he is now prepared to fight. There is a vein of ferocious denunciation of Americans run-ning through those discourses that chills the blood, and taken in connection with the recent massacres and outrages, clearly establish not only his complicity in them, but his determination to destroy all that comes In his power. The war now rages—civil war—a war of religious fanaticism—which can only be finished by the extermination of Mormonism from the country.
There is a belief here that a battle has already been fought, and much anxiety is felt to learn the fats of the little army that was sent there. Since the arrival of the mails, we have had several reports indicating serious things. One is, that Glen. Harney had joined the army, and that, when Capt. Van Vliet returned with the message that they should not winter in Salt Lake Valley, Gen. Harney replied that "he was or-dered there, and he would winter in the valley or in hell." Another report is, that Harney had advanced as far as Fort Bridger, and there encountered the enemy, routing them and killing three hundred. The general opinion is, that, if this little army advanced upon the settlements, it has been entirely cut off.
The emigrants recently arrived report that an emi-grant train bad been entirely cut off on the Malade River, on the other side of Bear River.
Arms and ammunition continue to be forwarded from San Bernardino. The last mail rider took along 500 revolvers, which passed through this city. They were met at the crossing of the Mohave, by some gen-tlemen coming in. Purchasers of powder, pistols, and duck for tents have been made to considerable extent in this city, and forwarded to San Bernardino, whence they were to be sent on under a guard of 70 men.
BISHOP TINNEY AND THE CAHUILLAS.
A little more than a year ago, Bishop Tinney was charged with tampering with the Cahuilla Indians at San Gorgonio, and instigating them against the Amer-icans, but he denied it stoutly, and Judge Hays, who happened to be at San Bernardino, assisted him in clearing himself from the charge. Everybody be-lieved him guilty then, and that he only desisted through fear. Duff Weaver writes down here now, that the old fellow is again at his tricks—that he visits the Indian villages nightly, stealing round among them like a criminal; and that a perceptible change has taken place in the manner of the Indians toward their white neighbors. Old Juan Antonio has been a faithful ally of the Americans for the last six years, and it would require a powerful motive to make him break his faith.
The emigrants of Capt. Duke's train are still remain-ing at San Bernardino; some of them get quite angry at their losses, and threaten to stay in that city till they get even with the Mormons. A day or two since one of them stepped out into the street, drew his pistol, and swore he would kill the first man who said he was a Mormon. A man from Australia came for-ward and owned himself one. The emigrant blazed away at him, the ball going through his hat and hair; the Australian turned and ran, and in his flight was missed by three more shots. The independent party in San Bernadino are in favor of considering the war as begun, and of treating the Saints in that region as traitors. They have suffered so many annoyances at the hands of the Saints, that they are anxious for re-venge, and impatient of delay.
MR AIKEN'S STATEMENT.
Concerning the massacre, Mr. John Aiken, who passed the ground more then a month subsequent to it, makes the following statement:
“After leaving Painter Creek, and arriving at the field of blood, I discovered several bodies that were slain, in a state of nudity and a state of putrefaction. I saw about twenty wolves feasting upon the carcasses of the murdered, Mr. Hunt shot at a wolf; they ran a few rods and halted. I noticed that the women children were more generally eaten by the wild beasts than the men. Although Captain Baker and a number of others of the slain party were my acquaintances, yet I dared not express my sentiments in the com-pany of Hunt and his companions, knowing that I was with enemies to my country and countrymen. Mr. Hunt and his companions often laughed and made re-marks derogatory to decency, aid contrary to human-ity, upon the persons of these who were there ratting or had become the food of wild beasts. Although this terrible massacre occur ed within six miles of Painter Creek settlement, and thirty from Cedar City, yet it appears that the Mormons are determined to suffer their carcasses to remain uncovered, for their bones to bleach upon the plains.
"On the 17th day of October, I saw the tracks of a large herd of cattle going up the Santa Clara, toward the Mormon settlements. We supposed them to be the stolen cattle that were run off from the trains of Cap-tains Dukes and Turner, as it was customary for large herds of cattle to travel in that direction. I saw the tracks of several shod horses and males following be-hind, supposed to be the animals used by the robbers. Where we first met the trail of those cattle is where the road leaves the Santa Clara, ten miles from Ham-blin’s Fort, the residence of the Hamblins and Hatch, who were interpreters for the company. We continued on the trail of the cattle a distance of one hundred milt s, to the Muddy, near the place to where they were taken. I judge from the appearance of the trails that they were at least the number of three hundred head."
MORMON RELIEF TO EMIGRANTS.
In my last letter I gave the Mormons of San Ber-nardino credit for humanely sending out assistance to the suffering emigrants. It was all wrong—I take it back—they deserve no credit. Their motives in going cut were all mercenary. They sent out but one wagon, in charge of a fellow named Phin Daley, who sold his load of provisions at exorbitant prices to the starving emigrants, and when he returned to San Bernardino, and was charged with it, he was mean enough to deny it. Several who knew he was lying were so indignant that they seized him and choked the truth out of him.
It is suggested that, in view of the present attitude of the Mormons, prudence demands that a military face be stationed at the Cajon Pass, to prevent the transportation of munitions and supplies to the enemy's camp.
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