The letter which we publish to-day from our special Utah correspondent goes to confirm the im-pression given by all the advices dispatched by the same express from the army of operations, that this march upon Utah has been shockingly misman-aged, and that the troops engaged in the expedition are likely to have a very hard time of it.
Already, by the middle of October, the mules and draught cattle were dying off with cold and hunger, and there were likely to be very few left by the time the Winter was over. The army and its supplies at this time were still scattered along the road between the South Pass and Fort Bridger. In fact, a part of the wagons were still behind on the road from Fort Laramie. The Mormons were still continuing to operate along the road west of the South Pass in cutting off the supplies of the army. At the time they destroyed the wagons, on the 5th of October, for some reason not very easily under-stood, they did not meddle with the draught cattle. But they soon thought better of the matter, and completed the job by running the cattle off.
The army has received a small reenforcement from the men attached to Magraw's wagon-road ex- pedition, who, with additional recruits, will consti-tute a company of a hundred men. The neutrality of the Snake Indians, if not their active assistance, is also relied upon, and the men of the expedition have been encouraged by the idea that the farms of the dispossessed Mormons may pass into their hands in the shape of bounty lands. There is still some talk in the army of pressing on to Salt Lake City this Winter, but the encampment for the Win-ter on Green River seems much more probable.
We are also in receipt of advices direct from Utah tending to throw a certain degree of light upon the ideas and plans of the Mormons. An important document is a declaration signed by the members of the Mormon Legislature. It amounts to a claim that all the Territorial officers shall be appointed from among the resident inhabitants. There would be a greater degree of plausibility in this claim if only Mormons had occasion to visit Utah. But lying as it does on the high road to California—a road which many persons not Mor- mons have occasion to travel—it is evident that these Gentile strangers and travelers have a claim to be considered in the appointment of the Territo-rial officers—quite as strong, to say the least, as the Mormon residents in that Territory. At the same time, there can be little doubt that the com-plaints of the Mormons of the bad character of many of the Gentiles appointed to Territorial of-fices there are but too well founded.
From Brigham Young's sermons, it would seem that he relies greatly upon faith as a means of pre-venting the troops from entering the valley. His own faith is decidedly extensive. He sets down fifty thousand as the number of troops which would be needed to operate successfully. What precisely he proposes to do in the way of military resistance does not appear; but he is very distinct upon the point of not yielding up the valley to invaders without first laying completely it waste.
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