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assailed by the mob and soon thrown down, and with it much valuable property destroyed. Next they went to the store for the same purpose, but Mr. Gilbert, one of the owners, agreeing to close lit, they abandoned their design. Their next move was their dragging of Bishop Patridge from his house and family to the public square, where, sur-rounded by hundreds, they partially stripped him f this clothes, and tarred and feathered him from ad to foot. A man by the name of Allan was also red at the same time. This was Saturday, and e mob agreed to meet the following Tuesday, to accomplish their purpose of driving or massacreing the society. Tuesday came, and the mob came also, bearing with them a red flag in token of blood. Some two or three of the principal men of the so-ciety offered their live, if that would appease the wrath of the mob, so that the rest of the society might dwell in peace upon their lands. The an-swer was, that unless the society would consent to leave "en masse," every man should die for him-self. Being in a defenceless situation, to save a general massacre, it was agreed that one half of the society should leave the county by the first of the next January, and the remainder by the first of the following Aprl. A treaty was entered into and rat-ified, and all things went on smoothly for a while. But some time in October, the wrath of the mob be-gan again to be kindled, insamuch, that they shot at some of our people, whipped others, and threw down their houses, and committed many other dep-radations; indeed the society of saints were har-rassed for sorre time both day and night—their houses were brick-batted and broken open—women and children insulted, &c. The store house of A S. Gilbert & Co was broken open, ransacked, and some of the goods strewed in the streets. Thee abuses, with many others of a very aggravated n-ture, so stirred up the indignant feelings of our pe-ple, that a party of them, say about 30, met a com-pany of the mob of about double their number, when a battle took place in which some two or three of the mob and one of our people were killed. This raised as it were the whole county in arms, and nothing would satisfy them but an immediate sur-render of the arms of our people, and they forthwith to leave the county. Fifty-one guns were give up, which have never been returned or paid for this The next day, parties of the mob, frd headed by priests, went from house to house, women and children with death they before they returned. that they fled in different directions; some shelter the woods while others wandered the prairies till their feet bled. In the mean time the weather being very cold, their sufferings in other respects were very great.
The society made their escape to Clay county as fast as they possibly could, where the people re-ceived them kindly and administered to their wants. After the society had left Jackson county, their buildings, amounting to about two hundred, were either burned or otherwise destroyed, and much of their crops, as well as stock, furniture, &c, which if properly estimated, would make a large sum, for which they have not as yet received any remunera-tion. The society remained in Clay county nearly three years; when at the suggestion of the people there, they removed to that section of country known now as Caldwell county. Here the people pur-chased out most of the former inhabitants, and also Entered much of the wild land. Many soon owned la number of eighties, while there was scarcely a man that did not secure to himself at least a forty. Here we were permitted to enjoy peace for a season; but as our society increased in numbers, and set-tlements were made in Davies and Carrol counties, the mob spirit spread itself again. For months pre-vious to our giving up our arms to Gen. Lucas' army, we heard little else than rumors of mobs, collecting in different places, and threatning our people. It is well known that the people of our church who had located themselves at De Wit, had to give up to a mob and leave the place, notwithstanding the mi-litia were called out for their protection. From De Wit the mob went towards Davies county, and while on their way there they took two of our men prisoners and made them ride upon the cannon, and told them that they would drive the Mormons from Davies to Caldwell and from Caldwell to hell, and that they would give them no quarter only at the cannon’s mouth. The threats of the mob induced some of our people to go to Davies to help to pro-tect their brethren who had settled at Diahman, a Grand River. The mob soon fled from Davis county; and after they were dispersed and the ca-non taken, during which time no blood was she, the people of Caldwell returned to their homes hopes of enjoying peace and quiet; but in this th were disappointed, for a large mob was soon fou to be collecting on the Grindstone, from ten to fifte miles off, under the command of C. Gillman, scouting party of which, came within four miles Far West, and drove off stock belonging to our pe ple, in open daylight. About this time, word cam to Far West that a party of the mob had come in Caldwell county to the south-east of Far West,—that they were taking horses and cattle—burnin houses and ordering the inhabitants to leave the, homes immediately—and that they had then actua ly their possession three men prisoners. Th eport reached Far West in the evening and w nfirmed about midnight. A company of abo ty men went forth under the command of Da W. Patton, to disperse the mob, as they supposed. A battle was the result, in which Capt. Patton and two of his men were killed, and others wounded. Bogart, it appears, had but one killed and others wounded. Notwithstanding the unlawful acts com-mitted by Capt. Bogart's men previous to the battle, it is now asserted and claimed that he was regularly ordered out as a militia captain, to preserve the peace along the line of Kay and Caldwell counties. That battle was fought four or five days previous to the arrival of Gen. Lucas and his army. About the time of the battle with Capt. Bogart, a number of our people who were living near Honn's mill, on Shoal Creek, about twenty miles below Far West together with a number of emigrants who had been stopped there in consequence of the excitement, made an agreement with the mob which was about there, that neither party would molest the other, but dwell in peace. Shortly after this agreement was made, a mob party of from two to three hundred, many of whom are supposed to be from Chariton county, some from Davies, and also those who had agreed to dwell in peace, came upon our people there, whose number in men was about forty, at a time they little expected any such thing, and with-out any ceremony, nothwithstanding they begged fo quarters, shot them down as they would tigers or panthers. Some few made their escape by flee-ing. Eighteen were killed and a number more se-verely wounded.
This tragedy was conducted in the most brutal and savage manner. An old man, after the massa-cre vas partially over, threw himself into their hands and begged for quarters, when he was in-stantly shot down, that not killing him, they took an old corn cutter and literally mangled him to pieces. A lad of ten years of age, after being shot down, also begged to be spared, when one of them placed the muzzle of his gun, to his head and blew out his brains. The slaughter of these peo-ple, not satisfying the mob, they then proceeded to mob and plunder the people. The scene that pre-sented itself after the massacre, to the widows and orphans of the killed, is beyond description. It was truly a time of weeping, of morning and of lamentation. As yet, we have not heard of any being arrested for these murders, notwithstanding there are men boasting about the country, that they did kill on that occasion, more than one Mormon, whereas all our people, who were in the battle with Capt. Patten against Bogart, that can be found, have been arrested and are now confined in jail to await their trial for murder.
When Gen. Lucas arrived near Far West, and presented the Governor's order, we were greatly surprised, yet we felt willing to submit, to the au-thorities of the State. We gave up our arms without reluctance; we were then made prisoners and confined to the limits of the town for about a week; during; which time, the men from the country were not permitted to go to their families, many of whom were in a suffering condition, for the want of food and fire wood, the weather being very cold and stormy. Much property was destroyed by the troops in town, during their stay there: such as burning houselogs, rails, corncribs, boards, &c., the using of corn and hay, the plundering of houses, the killing of cattle, sheep and hogs, and also the taking of horses not their own, and all this without regard to owners, or asking leave of any one. In the mean time, men were abused, woman insulted and abused by the troops, and all this, while we were kept prisoners. Whilst the Town was guar-ded, we were called together by the order of Gen. Lucas, and a guard placed close around us, and in that situation, were compelled to sign a deed of trust for the purpose of making our individuel property al holden, as they said to pay all the debts of every individual belonging to the church, and also to pay for all damages the old inhabitants of Davies may sustained in consequence of the late difficulties in that county.
Gen. Clark was now arrived, and the first im-portant move made by him, was the collecting of or men together on the square and selected out abut fifty of them, whom he immediately marched ino a house and confined close; this was done with-ou, the aid of the Sheriff, or any legal process.—The next day 46 of those taken, were driven like a parcel of menial slaves, off to Richmond, not knowing why they were taken, or what they were taken for. After being confined in Richmond more that two weeks, about one half were liberated, the res, after another week's confinement were most I of hem required to appear at Court, and have since been let to bail. Since Gen. Clark withdrew his troops from Far West, parties of armed men have gone through the county, driving off horses, sheep and cattle, and also plundering houses. The bar-barity of Gen. Lucas's troops ought not to be passed: over in silence. They shot our cattle and hogs, merely for the sake of destroying them, leaving them for the Ravens to eat. They took prisoner an aged man by the name of Tanner, and without any reason for it, he was struck over the head with a gun, which laid his skull bare. Another man by the name of Carey was also taken prisoner by them, and without any provocation, had his brains dash-ed out with a gun. He was laid in a wagon, and there permitted to remain, for the space of 24 hours, during which time no one was permitted to admin-ister to him comfort or consolation, and after he was removed from that situation he lived but a few hours. The destruction of property, at and about. Far West, is very great. Many are stripped bare as it were, and others partially so, indeed take us as s body at this time, we are a poor and afflicted people, and if we are compelled to leave the State in the spring, many, yes a large portion of our so-ciety will have to be removed at the expense of the State, as those who otherwise might have helped them, are now debarred that privilege, in conse-quence of the deed of trust, we were compelled to sign, which deed so operates upon our real estate, that it will sell for but little or nothing at this time. We have now made a brief statement of some of the most prominent featares of the troubles that have befallen our people since their first settlement in this State, and we believe that these persecutions have come in consequence of our religious faith, and not for any immorality on our part. That in-stances have been of late, where individuals have trespassed upon the rights of others, and thereby broken the laws of the land, we will not pretend to deny, but yet we do believe, that no crime can be substantiated against any of the people who have a standing in our church, of an earlier date than the difficulties in Davies county. And when it is con-sidered that the rights of this people have been trampled upon from time to time, with impunity, and abuses heaped upon them almost innumerable, it ought in some degree to palliate for any infrac-tion of the law, which may have been made on the part of our people.
The late order of Gov. Boggs, to drive us from this State, or exterminate us, is a thing so novel, unlawful, tyranical and oppressive, that we have been induced to draw up this memorial and present this statement of our case to your honorable body, praying that a law may be passed, rescinding the order of the Governor to drive us from the State, and also giving us the sanction of the Legislature to inherit our lands in peace, we aak an expression of the Legislature, disapproving the conduct of those who compelled us to sign a deed of trust, and also disapproving of any mail or set of men, taking our property in consequence of that deed of trust, and appropriating it to the payment of debts not contracted by us, or for the payment of damages sustained in consequence of trespasses committed by others. We have no common stock, our prop-erty is individual property, and we feel willing to pay our debts as other individuals do, but we are not willing to be bound for other people's debts also.
The arms which were taken from us here, which we understand to be about 630, besides swords and pistols, we care not so much about, as we do the pay for them; only we are bound to do military du-ty, which we are willing to do, and which we think was sufficiently manifested by the raising of a vol-unteer company last fall, at Far West, When called upon by Gen. Parks, to raise troops for the frontier. The arms given up by us, we consider were worth between twelve and fifteen thousand dollars, but we understand they have been greatly damaged since taken, and at this time, probably would not bring near their former value. And as they were, both here and in Jackson county taken by the militia, and consequently by the authority of the State, we there-fore ask your honorable body to cause an appropri-ation to be made by law, whereby we may be paid for them, or otherwise have them returned to us and the damages made good. The losses sustained by our people in leaving Jackson county, are so situa-ted that it is impossible to obtain any compensation for them by law, because those who have sustained them are unable to prove those tresspasses upon in-dividuals. That the facts do exist,—that the build-ings, crops, stock, furniture, rails, timber, &c. of the society, have been destroyed in Jackson county, is not doubted by those who are acquainted in this upper country, and since these trespasses cannot be proved upon individuals, we ask your honorable body to consider this case, and if, in your liberality and wisdom, you can conceive it to be proper to make an appropriation by law to these sufferers, many of whom are still pressed down with poverty in consequence of their losses, would be able to pay their debts, and also in some degree be relieved from poverty and woe, whilst the widows heart would be made to rejoice and the orphans tear measurably dried up, and the prayers of a grateful people ascend on high, with thanksgiving and praise, to the author of our existence, for that benificent act.
In laying our case before your honorable body, we say that we are willing, and ever have been, to conform to the constitution and laws of the United States, and of this State. We ask in common with others, the protection of the laws. We ask for the privilege guaranteed to all free citizens of the United States and of this State to be extended to us, that we may be permitted to settle and live where we please, and worship God according to the dictates of our conscience without molestation. And while we ask for ourselves this privilege, we are willing all others should enjoy the same.
We now lay our case at the feet of your legisla-ture, and ask your honorable body to consider it, and do for us, after mature deliberation, that which your wisdom, patriotism, and philanthropy may dictate. And we, as in duty bound, will ever pray, &c.
HEBEN C. KIMBALL,
GEORGE W. HARRIS,
JOHN M. BURK.
A committee appointed by the citizens of Cald-well county to draft this memorial, and sign it in their behalf.
Far West, Caldwell co., Mo., Dec. 10, 1838.
Mr. Rigdon then made a statement of the wrongs received by the Mormons, from a portion of the peo-ple of Missouri, and of their present suffering con-dition. On motion of Mr. Bushnell, the report and reso-lutions were laid upon the table, till to-morrow eve-ning.
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