THE MOUNTAIN MEADOW MASSACRE.
A Party of Emigrants Murdered in Cold Blood by the Mormons—An Af-fidavit by One of the Participants-Mormon Cruelty and Revenge.
The following is the published affidavit concerning the Mountain Meadow massacre by Mormons, a synopsis of which has already been given by telegraph. After the usual formal opening necessary in an affidavit, the deponent says:
I was residing at Cedar City at the time of the massacre at Mountain Meadows, in said territory of Utah. I had heard that a com-pany of emigrants was on its way from Salt Lake City, bound for California. Said com-pany arrived at Cedar City, tarried there one day, and passed on for California. After said company had left Cedar City, the mili-tia was called out for the purpose of com-mitting acts of hostility against them. Said call was a regular military call from the su-perior officers to the subordinate officers and privates of the regiment at Cedar City and vicinity, composing a part of the militia of the territory of Utah. I do not recollect the number of the regiment. I was at that time the Bishop of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints at Cedar City. Isaac C. Haight was President over said church at Cedar City and the southern settlement in said territory. My position as bishop was subordinate to that of said President. W.H. Dame was President of said church at Parowan, in said Iron county. Said W.H. Dame was also Colonel of said regiment. Said Isaac C. Haight was Lieutenant-Colo-nel of said regiment and John D. Lee, of Harmony, in said Iron county, was major of said regiment. Said regiment was duly ordered to muster, armed and equipped, as the law directs, and prepared for field oper-ations. I had no command nor office in said regiment at that time, neither did I march with said regiment on the expedition which resulted in said company's being massacred at the Mountain Meadows in said county of Iron. About four days after said company of emigrants had left Cedar City, that por-tion of said regiment then mustered at Cedar City, took up its line of march in pursuit of them. About two days after said company had left Cedar City, Lieutenant-Colonel I. C. Haight expressed in my presence a desire that said company might be permitted to pass on their way in peace; but afterwards he told me that he had orders from head-quarters to kill all of said company of emi-grants except the little children. I do not know whether said headquarters meant the regimental headquarters at Parowan or the headquarters of the commander-in-chief at Salt Lake City.
When the said company had gone to Iron Creek about twenty (20) miles" from Cedar City, Captain Joel White started for the Pin-to Creek settlement, through which said company would pass, for the purpose of in-fluencing the people to permit said company to pass on their way in peace, I asked and obtained permission of said White to go with him and aid him in his endeavors to save life. When said White and myself got about three miles from Cedar City we met Major John D. Lee, who asked us where we were going. I replied that we were going to try to prevent the killing of the emigrants: Lee replied, "I have something to say about that."
Lee was at that time on his way to Paro-wan, the the headquarters of Colonel Dame. Said White and I went to Pinto Creek, re-mained there one night, and the next day returned to Cedar City, meeting said com-pany of emigrants at Iron Creek. Before reaching Cedar City we met one Ira Allen, who told us that "the decree had passed de-voting said company to destruction." After the fight had been going on for three or four days a messenger from Major Lee reached Cedar City, who stated that the flight had not been altogether successful, upon which Lieutenant Colonel Haight ordered out a reinforcement. At this time I was ordered out by Capt. John M. Higby, who ordered me to muster "armed and equipped as the law directs." It was a matter of life or death to muster or not, and I mustered with the reinforcing troops. It was at this time that Lieutenant Colonel Haight said to me that it was the orders from headquarters that all but the little children of said company were to be killed. Said Haight had at that time just returned from headquarters at Parowan, where a Military Council had been held. There had been a like council held at Parowan pre-vious to that, at which were present Col. Dame, Lieutenant Colonel I. C. Haight and Major John D. Lee. The result of this first council was the calling out of said regiment for the purpose already stated. The rein-forcement aforesaid was marched to the Mountain Meadows, and there formed a junction with the main body. Major Lee massed all the troops at a spring, and made a speech to them saying that his orders from "Headquarters were to kill the entire company except the small children." I was not in the ranks at that time, but on one side talking to a man named Slade, and could not have seen a paper in Major Lee's hands. Said Lee then sent a flag of truce into the emigrant camp offering said emigrants that "if they lay down their arms he would protect them," they accordingly laid down their arms, came out from that camp and delivered them-selves up to said Lee. The women and children were then, by the order of said Lee, separated from the men, and were marched ahead of the men. After said emi-grants had marched about a half mile to-wards Ceder City, the order was given to shoot them down. At that time said Lee was at the head of the column. I was in the rear. I did not hear Lee give the order to fire, but heard it from the under officers as it was passed down the column. The emi-grants were then and there shot down, ex-cept seventeen little children, whom I im-mediately took into my charge. I do not know the total number of said company, as I did not stop to count the dead. I immediately put the little children in baggage wagons be-longing to the regiment and took them to Hamlin's Ranch, and from there to Cedar City, and procured them :homes among the people. John Willis and Samuel Murdy as-sisted me in taking charge of said children. On the evening of the massacre, Col. W.H. Dame and Lieut.-Col. I C. Haight came to Hamlin's, where I had the said children, and fell into a dispute, in the course of which said Haight told Col. Dame that if he was going to report of the killing of said emi-grants, "he should not have ordered it done;" I do not know when or where said troops were disbanded; about two weeks af-ter said massacre occurred, said Major Lee (who was also Indian Agent) went to Salt Lake City, and, as I believe, reported said fight and its results to the commander-in-chief; I was not present at either of the be-fore-mentioned councils, nor at any council connected with the aforesaid mili-tary operations, or with said company; I gave no orders except those con-nected with the saving of the children, and those after the massacre had occurred, and said orders were given as bishop and not in a military sense. At the time of the firing of the first volley I discharged my piece; I did not fire afterward, though several sub-sequent volleys were fired. After the first fire was delivered I at once set about saving the children. I commenced to gather up the children before the firing had ceased. I have made the foregoing statement before the above entitled court for the reason that I be-lieve that I would be assassinated should I attempt to make the same before any court in the territory of Utah. After said Lee re-tuanet from Salt Lake City, as aforesaid, said Lee told me that he had reported fully to the President (meaning the commander-in-chief) the fight at Mountain Meadows, and the killing of said emigrants. Brigham Young was at that time the commander-in-chief of the militia of the territory of Utah; and further deponent saith not.
PHILIP KLINGON SMITH.
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