The Late Difficulties in Utah.
The following letters from Utah, presenting the view of the conduct of Judge CRADLE-BAUGH which is generally entertained by the people of that Territory, have been handed to us for publication:
G. S. L. CITY, April 9th, 1859.
News items, which I had proposed to write my-self to you, you will obtain in the affidavit for-warded to you this week—one by Aurelius Miner, Esq., counsellor and attorney at law, and one from Sheriff Wm. M Wall, of Utah county. I think that they are very significant, and declare very plainly the state of mind and feelings of the Hon. John Cradlebaugh. They need no comments from me; but I may add that they are merely samples of expressions and sentiments often deliv-ered by him during the time he sat in that court. What could we expect from such a man but the exercise of his high position to be the means to annoy, harass, and destroy a people against whom his bitterest desires and schemes are directed.
The court adjourned sine die on the 4th inst., and the judge's remarks at the time of ad-journment were replete vith rancor, illegal and unwarrantable accusations, and evident disap-pointment in not being able to criminate ex-Go-vernor Young. He left no means untried to get cause against the ex-Governor. He could not dis-guise his anxiety and determination to arrest him, but innocence and truth, in that respect, have tri-umphed as yet, although heavy bribes were offer-ed to parties to implicate some eminent ecclesiasti-cal officials. The judge is at Camp Floyd; what he is doing I am not aware. He is, however, con-coting with peculators and speculators some mis-chief upon the inhabitants of this Territory. What that mischief is we cannot tell, but we feel confi-dent that all attempts to trample on our rights, and to injure the innocent will fall on himself. Al-though the court is adjourned and no business was on hand to warrant him to continue it, yet his deputy marshals are prowling about the country “seeking whom they may devour." On Wednes-day, the sixth inst., they went into Springville expecting to arrest several persons. But when men see the very Constitution disrespected by loyal officers, every mean and illegal measure entered into to rob them of their liberty, and wit-nesses arrested to deprive the accused of testimony in his favor, they are careful not to place them-selves in the tender mercies of the wicked.
We fully expect that the judge has retired to Camp Floyd to consult with others equally devoid of truth and justice, to prepare a reply to the Governor's proclamation. The judge, army officers generally, and sutlers, are much displeased with the Governor's straightforward and honorable course. Indeed, it was, currently reported that they threaten to arrest the Governor, if he was not careful! But I think that, were such a thing at-tempted, (though it is scarcely possible to con-ceive such a measure,) the whole army would fail to succeed, for the people are loyal enough to sustain the Executive, and would, I think, resist Governor Cumming's course is straightforward, manly, and patriotic. He is in rather a peculiar position. On the one hand the Mormons look to him to sustain them and defend them from the in-roads of judicial prejudice, and he is willing to do his duty to them, and "defend the right;" and, on the other hand, the interested itinerant set-tlers—denominating themselves Gentiles—want him to "pitch into" the Mormons, and feel very angry when he thwarts their designs. Neverthe-less, he neither courts the Mormons' favor, nor dreads the scowl of their enemies. He takes his own course, and seeks, in taking it, to promote the wishes of the Administration at Washington.
United States District Attorney A. Wilson has pursued a praiseworthy and legal course. He has seen the chicanery designs and tyranny of the judge, but has never lent himself as a tool to as-sist in their works. He has tried to do his duty, and would have accomplished it but for the ille-gal interference of the court. Such a man as Mr Wilson would be a credit to the bench in this Ter-ritory, at least, if elevated to that position, and would, in a great measure, redeem from desecra-tion that dignified profession so much fallen in this district by the conduct of corrupt officials.
As you are no doubt aware, the judge dismissed the Grand jury because, he alleged, they had not committed several parties whom he designated murderers, &c., &c., and then sat in chambers, and as committing magistrate, to suit his whims. But he has failed to commit any other person, al-though he plied himself with assiduity and cun-ning to effect his purposes. It turns out not so bad as he wished it to be He held one man, John Daley, in arrest, although the attornies for the prosocution were willing to see him released, stat-ing that they had no evidence againt him. His only reason was because Daley was a teacher, and he discovered so in the evidence. A teacher's duty is to visit from house to house, and ask the people if they attended to family and private pray-ers; if they asked a blessing on their food; if they lived at peace with their neighbors; if they sought to do good to all man, and if they attended to other equally holy duties. This was enough for the judge; Mormonism he despised. At least we must not attempt to enjoy the rights guarantied by the Federal Constitution; hence a determination to crush us. Is not this a way to make us revere the laws and officials? To command respect by coercion? In no other place of the Union dare he venture to take such a course. Were he in California, a Vigi-lance Committee would dispose of him summarily. Were he in Baltimore, they would lynch him with-out a moment's warning. But in disloyal Utah he is allowed to desecrate his sacred functions.
PROVO CITY, March 22, 1859
The reign of judicial terror that has borne rule for the last fifteen days in Utah county, if con-tinued fifteen more days, will fill all the hiding places west of the Wassatch Range with prominent citizens, as they feel that justice is only found beyond the pale of the court, while mercy is nei-ther sought nor expected from those who shield its form behind Federal steel. Treachery is be-ginning to break out in the face of her innocent victims; while volumes of writs are being issued in the "Star Chamber" for those who have been called to testify before the single-eyed Jeffries of the mountains; and suspected of perjury the result will be as disastrous to the citizens as an Indian war, provided the cause is not removed, and the panic shall continue a few more days. Past acts that were buried, and, by the virtue of Mr. Buchanan's proclamation, should have passed into oblivion, are recalled; and for every word, act, or deed, in the pulpit or stand, men are called to give account before the present committing magistrate of the United States District Court. The end is beyond our mortal ken. Peace to Israel, we hope and pray, may speedily be her lot, as it is our prayer. Yesterday, the grand jury was dis-charged with a reprimand, when they reported that they were on the eve of producing present-ments The trial of John Cazier then went off, and he was proved innocent by the evidence for the prosecution and acquitted; whereupon, with many thanks for past good conduct, they were likewise discharged, and the court resolved itself into that of committing magistrate. Men are sub-poenaed as witnesses, and then arrested and com-mitted to the kind care of a military lock-up. This gives alarm to all those who have suspicion that envy or malice wishes them any harm, and to escape martial immolation and a mock trial they vanish. This is disturbing the equilibrium of the inhabitants, and likely seriously to inter-fere with agricultural pursuits What object the court can have for one thousand troops is a ques-tion the citizens frequently propound; and, re-membering Carthage, they inadvertently say, "beware." These are the sentiments of the com-munity, as far as I can learn. There are no symp-tons of a hostile demonstration by the people that we are aware of. We have hitherto used, and are intending to use, what influence we can to keep the people calm, and particularly ourselves; and let the law, the court, and the troops take their course, relying upon the rectitude of our cause and that source which never fails for the result.
Governor Cumming will leave for the city to-morrow.
Territory of Utah, Great Salt Lake county, ss :
Personally appeared before me, the undersigned, Judge of Probate in and for said county, Aurelius Miner, who, being duly sworn, deposes and says, that on or about the 16th day of March, A D. eighteen hundred and fifty-nine, in the public sitting room of the hotel of Isaac Bullock, in Provo city, did hear the Hon John Cradlebaugh, Judge of the Second Judicial District Court of U. S. in said Territory, say that he would hang Kanosh, if he could, without judge or jury and that he would hang him, whether he was guilty as one of the perpetrators of the Mountain Meadows massacre or not.
And further says, that on or about the day first aforementioned, the said Hon. John Cradlebaugh, in speaking of those Mormons, charged with ca-pital offences, that if he could get any one of them convicted, he would hang him so quick that he could not possibly have time to procure a par-don from the Governor, unless the pardon was made out in advance. A d further deponent saith not (Signed,) AURELIUS MINER.
Sworn and subscribed to before me, this 4th day of April, A D. 1859
(Signed,) E. SMITH.
Territory of Utah, Great Salt Lake county, ss.:
Personally appeared before me the undersigned, Judge of Probate in and for said county, William M. Wall, Sheriff of Utah county and Marshal of Provo city, who being duly sworn deposes and says that, on or about the twenty fifth day of March, A. D., one thousand eight hundred and fifty-nine, I heard a rumor that some person or persons un-k own, did throw a stone or stones at the sentinel of the United States soldiers placed at the Court-House (Seminary), in Provo City, about eight o'clock in the evening. I repaired immediately to the spot to make inquiry into the matter. Lie-tenant N. A. M. Dudley, then on duty, informed me that the rumor was correct, and further stated that the guard was now doubled, and that they were ordered, in case of a like occurrence, to fire in the direction from whence the stones came, and that if firing commenced the guards were ordered to immediately kill the prisoners (some six in num-ber), then held in custody by order of the court, and guarded by the military escort. Lieutenant Dudley further stated that every rifle was a Min-nie, and it was impossible to shoot them there without killing somebody, as the balls would go through any of those houses.
And further deponent saith not.
(Signed,) W. M. WALL.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this fifth day of April, A. D. one thousand eight hundred and fifty-nine.
(Signed,) E. SMITH.
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