THE MORMONS—BRIGHAM YOUNG ABDICATED.—We are indebted to Mr. S. F. MERRY for St. Louis papers of the 19th inst., in advance of the mails. From them we quote the following para-graphs:
By a private letter from Camp Scott, dated March 23d, we learn that Lieut. Kane, who was dispatched by way of California to Salt Lake City, by the President, on a mission of peace to Brigham Young, had reached Col. Johnston's camp. We believe this envoy is a brother of the celebrated Dr. Kane, and is the same who for-merly figured at Council Bluffs, when that town rejoiced in the name of Kanesville. He remain-ed about ten days in Salt Lake City, but effected nothing with Brigham Young and the Mormons. He says the Saints have altered greatly since he knew them in the States. It was believed there that no arrangement could be made with the Mormons, that they were determined to submit to no terms that were likely to meet with the ap-probation of the agents of the government.—St. Joseph's Gazette, 15th.
We have been permitted to peruse a letter from Mr. Gilbert to his family in Weston. He left San Francisco on the 3d of March, stayed two days and a half at Salt Lake City, and was kindly treated while there, though Brigham was not very communicative. Brigham had moved all his family and children out of the city. Mr. Gilbert met a large number of families going south and some coming in the opposite direction, and they all seemed very much bewildered. Mr. Gilbert met Gov. Cumming, under a Mormon es-cort, on Weber river, going towards Salt Lake City. He had proceeded 45 miles on the route. At Salt Lake City they were making great pre-parations to receive Gov. Cumming.—Weston Argus, 14th.
Mr. Gerrish says that Gov. Cumming was bit-ten, on the 25th of March, in the right arm, by a dog that was supposed to be mad. The dog attacked several and was finally killed. The Governor was quite fearful and distressed about the matter. The Army are living quite comfort-ably on rations of thirteen ounces of flour and two pounds of bad beef, and had enough to keep them comfortably till the first of June,
The following extra, from the office of the Leav-enworth Daily Times, May 14th, is important:
A special messenger arrived yesterday from Camp Scott, bringing the important news that Gov. Cumming had entered Salt Lake City, with-out troops, and that his authority had been fully recognized by the Mormon officials. He brings dates to April 10th.
Not only was no resistance offered, but none was contemplated. Brigham Young was tame as a child. The Saints had no mission of ven-geance from the Lord to deliver to the people. Simple Gov. Cumming entered the city of the temple, and the temple itself, and Mormonism bowed its head in submission.
Of course the troops were in readiness to act, and this the Danites knew full well.
Gov. Cumming entered into Salt Lake City April 1st, by invitation. Most of the Mormons—men, women and children—had emigrated south, or were preparing to do so. Their desti-nation is not given. The majority very likely will scatter, and settle on the Pacific slope, or if they cling together, will seek a home in Mexico. The messenger says, "the Mormons had made no preparation for war, and had planted no crops in Utah," showing their purpose to have been to break up in Utah, and either to scatter or to emigrate into Mexico.
This news is unofficial, but is considered relia-ble at the fort.
N. B.—Private letters received here and at the Fort say that the point of destination of the Mormons is Sonora, in Mexico. Doubtless they have been preparing (all of them that mean to stick together,) for this step for some time, and that, too, with the full knowledge and assent of the Mexican government.
By a dispatch to the Associated Press, from St. Louis, 21st, we have confirmation of this intel-ligence in its most important features, and adding a statement that BRIGHAM YOUNG has surrender-ed the Gubernatorial Chair to Gov. CUMMING. The dispatch is brief:
ST. LOUIS, May 21.—The steamer John H. Dickey, from Leavenworth, 17th inst., brings in-telligence of the arrival of Col. Kane and Abbe Gilbert at that place on Sunday last. The latter stated that Brigham Young had abdicated, and that Gov. Cumming, at last dates, was 30 miles from Salt Lake City, accompanied by a deputa-tion of fifty Mormons sent to meet him.
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