THE LATE PRESIDENT.
THE EXPENSES OF HIS SICKNESS.
Two Reports Submitted to the H use by the Auditing Committee—What the Majority Recommended and What the Mi-nority Didn't Recommend.
By Telegraph to the RECORD.
WASHINGTON, April 19.—In the Senate the bill authorizing the President in con-junction with the State of Texas to run and mark boundaried lines between a part of the territory of the United States and the State of Texas and to complete the survey au-thorized by the act of 1858, was passed.
The time assigned to the calendar was largely occupied by discussion on the bill to provide for the sale of part of the reserva-tion of the Omaha tribe of Indians in Ne-braska, the point in controversy being as to the validity of the provision exempting from taxation for twenty-five years thereafter these portions of the lands sold to Indians. The bill went over without action.
Mr. Sherman presented petitions signed by the Governor, members of Assembly and other citizens of Ohio, setting forth that the enfranchisement of freed men had imposed upon the government an obli-gation to qualify them for citizenship and praying in view of this fact and the appalling illiteracy of voting populations, as revealed in the last census, that liberal appro-priations be made for the education of the people of the States. The discussion of the Mississippi river improvement bill was re-sumed and Mr. Jones, of Louisiana, argued in favor of applying a part of the appropria-tion to the immediate repair or construction of such levees as in the judgment of the Mis-sissippi River Commission will assist in deep-ening the channel and improving navigation, and which are not merely for protecting lands from overflow. He discussed generally the utility of the levee system and favored a direct appropriation for building the levees. Mr. Garland spoke in advocacy of his amend-ment increasing the appropriation to $15,000,-000. He urged that experience had demon-strated the economy of a sufficiently adequate appropriation in bulk, rather than periodi-cal outlays. He eulogized the recommenda-tions of the recent message from the President favoring the additional sum asked for by the River Commission and specially endorsed the suggestion that it would be equitable for the government to return by this method to the population of the lower Mississippi Valley engaged in the produc-tion of cotton, a portion of the $68,000,000 collected as a tax on that product. He would make a sufficient appropriation and leave its disbursement, whether for the levees or outlets, to the commission.
He asserted the constitutional power of Congress to appropriate for the reclamation of the lands and quoted from Calhoun, who he said, was the great light of the strict constructionists, in affirmation of this power.
Mr. Frye remarked that the votes of the Northern members against any appropria-tion for the repair of the levees ought not to be construed as indicative of sectional hostil-ity on their parts. As evidence diepelling any assumption to the contrary he referred to the prompt and generous response of the North to Southern appeals in the yellow fever epidemic and to the fact that no Northern member has raised his voice against the voting of amounts aggregating $800,000 for and soul of the by the recent floods.
Mr. George obtained the floor but yielded for an executive session, when the bill went over until to-morrow without action.
Mr. Miller (Col.) from the Committee on Foreign Relations reported with amend-ments the House bill to execute certain treaty stipulations relating to the Chinese. He stated that the report was not a unani-mous one and that he would ask considera-tion of the bill to-morrow.
Senate at 4:40 went into executive session and at 5 o'clock adjourned.
WASHINGTON, April 19.—Pursuant to or-der the House met this morning at 11 o'clock, at which hour its future sessions will begin until further orders.
Mr. Taylor (Ohio), chairman of the Com-mittee to Audit the Expenses of the Illness and Death of President Garfield, submitted a bill and report on that subject.
Mr. Blackburn (Ky.) presented the report of the minority.
Both reports were referred to the Commit-tee of the Whole.
[The bill appropriates for the relief of Lucretia R. Garfield the sum of $50,000, less any sum paid to the late President Garfield on account of his salary as President of the United States. It pays to Dr. Bliss $25,000; to Drs. Agnew and Hamilton $15,000 each; to Dr. Reyburn $10,000; to Dr. Boynton $10,-000 ; to Dr. Susan Edson $10,000 to William J. Crump $3,000; to the Secretary of the Navy $10,835; to William H. Soear (under-taker), $1,835; to C. F. Sones, of Elberon, $1,092, and to various merchants and others, sums varying from 50 cents to $1,000. It pro-vides that when Surgeon-General J. K. Barnes shall be retired from active service, he shall be retired with the rank and pay of Major-General. It further provides that there shall be added to the Medical Corps of the army one surgeon with the rank, pay and emoul-ments of a Lieutenant-Colonel, and authorizes the President to promote Joseph J. Wood-ward to that position.]
The majority report on the bill reported by Mr. Taylor, from the Select Committee, to audit the expenses of the late President sets forth "that after giving such attention to the subject as its importance demands, your committee are of the opinion that Con-gress may properly and legally assume the expenses attendant upon the illness and burial of the late President upon the ground that he was stricken down while he was, and because he was, in the discharge of his duties as the Chief Executive officer of the nation and Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy.
Congress would be also justified in making provision for such payment regarding it as an allowance to the family made to cover extra-ordinary outlays occasioned by public mis-fortune. We do not enter into an argument, however, to prove that that may be done which the people expect and desire shall be done. Having rrived at this conclusion, the committee proceeded to examine the various claims presented to them which fell within the scope of their authority, and, as they be-lieve, have done so with industry and care. Many claims have been rejected, not all of which were without merit. * * Others have been allowed in part only, and all have been rigidly scrutinized. So much so that your committee feel authorized to state that those claims recommended for payment are are correct and just.
The report then recites the difficulties which were met in endeavoring to satisfac-torily adjust the various claims and after-ward reviews the whole period of the Presi-dent's illness, referring to "the grave re-sponsibilities, the assiduous cares and un-tiring devotion and long continued services of the surgeons and attendants."
The report makes honorable mention of the services of Dr. Smith Townsend, Dr. Charles B. Purvis and Surgeon General Wales, of the Navy, and of Dr. Nathan S. Lincoln; who were called immediately after the shooting, and says that "they did all that science and skill could accomplish to-ward the patient's relief and to produce re-action from the shock."
Commendable mention is also made of General Swaim, Colonel Rockwell, J. Stan-ley Brown, and C. O. Rockwell, who, the report says, devoted their whole time during the President's illness to his comfort and ervices.
The committee concludes by urging the passage of the bill agreed upon by the ma-jority, which simply authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to pay the amounts embod-ied in the accompanying papers.
The minority report is signed by Messrs. Blackburn, Springer and Lefevre, who state that though they do not object to the pay-ment of the expenses by the general govern-ment, they deem the sums allowed to the physicians by the majority of the committee excessive and out of proportion to the servi-ces rendered. They protest against that part of the report of the majority which recommends the promotion of Surgeon General Barnes to a Major General's rank and retirement thereunder and to the recom-mendation for promotion of Dr. Woodward from a Major to a Lieutenant Colonel, with the rank and pay of the latter office, as they (the minority) are of opinion that this com-mittee has no jurisdiction to make recom-mendations with regard to the military establishment. The report in reference to the majority recommendations for allowances to physicians and others, says that no wit-nesses were called and no evidence by affida-vit or otherwise was submitted upon which the committee could base its findings; and concludes by recommending the adoption of the following resolution:
Resolved, That the report of the majority of the committee, together with the bill accom-panying said report, be re-committed with in-structions to the committee to require all per-sons having claims cognizable by said commit-tee to present accounts thereof, and to require claimants in all cases to furnish proof as to the value of services rendered or materials fur-nished, and in the case of allowances for pro-fessional services as physicians or surgeons, to make such allowances only as would be prop-erly chargeable to and proveable against the estate of the late President, and to provide in the bill when again reported such further ap-propriation of unearned salary as would cover the amounts audited for such professional ser-vices.
The House resumed the consideration of the Utah contested election case.
Mr. Beltzhoover (Pa.) presented an argu-ment in support of the report of the majority, contending that each House shall be the judge of the qualifications of its own mem bers; and for a much stronger reason it should be the exclusive judge of the qualifications of delegates who are its creatures and which it admits as a matter of its own discretion. He asserted that the institution of polygamy was offensive to the moral sense of mankind; hostile to civil society and fatal to the wel-fare of the state, and that a man practicing and believing in that institution was not qualified to hold a seat as a delegate from the Territory of Utah.
Mr. Jones (Tex.) sustained the claims of Mr. Cannon. He had been elected by an overwhelming majority of the people of Utah as a Delegate to Congress; he was qualified under the Constitutton and it was not in the power of this House, in judging of his qualifications, to add or subtract one thing from them.
Mr. Jaoobs (N. T.) contended that the House ought to refuse to admit Mr. Cannon for the reason, that in defiance of the laws of Congress and the sense of mankind, he was living with plural wives and advocating the doctrines and practice of polygamy.
Mr. Pettebone (Tenn.) said that he would vote to deny Cannon a seat as delegate, be-cause it was in gross violation of the dignity of the House, and would be an insult to the sovereignty of the nation to admit a self-ad-mitted criminal violator of the laws of Congress to a seat in this body.
Mr. Miller (Pa.) criticised the speech de-livered yesterday by Mr. House (Tenn.) and quoted an extract from that speech to the effect that one of the causes of complaint against polygamists was that they belong to the Democratic party.
"I thank God that they do," continued Mr. Miller. "I thank God that every poly-gamist, that every man that disregards the laws of the United States in the Territory of Utah belongs to the Democratic party. I am glad that it devolved on one who in 1831 spat upon the Constitution of his country and the oath he took to support it to stand up in this House and defend that monstrous evil." (Applause on the Republican side).
Mr. Bragg (Wis.) said that a moral gripe seemed to have broken out and manifested a disposition to vent itself on the Chinese and Mormons. As he would vote to seat Connon he desired to state his reasons in order to show that he was not affected by any moral gripe on this subject. He would vote for Mr. Cannon as a mere bold legal proposition. He did not defend polygamy nor would he defend in-fidelity. Infidelity sapped the foundations of the Christian religion just as much as the practices of the Latter Day Saints. He doubted whether any member would vote against the admission of a man who has said in his heart, "There is no God." The House was not an ecclesiastical synod to inquire whether A, B or C came up to a certain religious standard, but a legislative body to determine upon the admission of members according to the constitution and laws.
Debate was continued until four o'clock, when the previous questions were ordered and an hour was then accorded to George R. Connor to present his claims.
He said if one-twentieth part of what had been said in the debate, relative to the people of Utah were true their representa-tives would deserve to be driven from the halls of Congress, but while this flood of false statements had been pouring over the country concerning Utah, not a voice had been heard in defence of her people. He gave a brief sketch of the establishment of the Mormon Church in Utah and then coming down to to the state-ment of the last election he asserted that the Governor of Utah having views which he thought would make him popular, had entered into a conspiracy with others to precipitate upon the country the question as to whether the people of Utah should be represented in Congress. He asked these gentlemen who said that the people of Utah violated the law whether they would set the example of smiling down law, jus-tice and right because of the alleged bad character of that people, by denying the right of the people to repre-sentation. He denied that he was here to represent any church or any sect, but as the representative of the people of Utah. He then proceeded with an argument in defence of the institution of polygamy, denying that that institution was attributable to the licen-tiousness of the people. It was not neces-sery that he should have four wives in order to be tedious. Mormons believed that God had given command, the object of which was to redeem the human family. How to make marriage honorable was to lift it out of its present condition, to cut off the opportunity for prostitution and to leave no margin for lust to prey upon.
Mr. Calkins (Ind.) closed the debate. The vote was then taken on the resolution of the minority of the Elections Committee, declar-ing Cannon entitled to the seat and it was rejected; yeas, 89; nays, 123. This was a party vote with the exception of Beltzhoover, Calarick, Cobb, Cassidy, Holman, Mosgrave, Murch and Rice, of Missouri, and Turner, of Kentucky, who voted in the negative with the Republicans, and Campbell, of Pennsyl-vania, in the affirmative with the Democrats. Majority resolutions declaring that neither Cannon nor Campbell is entitled to the seat were adopted without a division. The House then at 6 o'clock adjourned.
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