LATER FROM DESERET.
Arrival of the Salt Lake Mail at Sacramento
—Affairs among the Mormons.
[From the Sac. Union, June 11th ]
Mr. E . L. Barnard arrived in this city yesterday, from Great Salt Lake City, with the U. S. Mails, having left the Valley on the 15th of May.
Mr. B. has made a remarkably quick trip—he encountered but little difficulty, and reports the snow as rapidly disappearing from the mountains.
By this arrival we are placed in possession of files of the Deseret News down to the 14th May.
The news is interesting although of no vital importance.
Brigham Young, Governor of Utah, has issued a proclamation from the city of Provo, ordering the raising of a company to put down a horde of Mexican and other outlaws who are infesting the settlements, and stirring up the Indians to make aggressions upon the inhabitants. The party is authorized to arrest and keep in close cus-tody every strolling Mexican party they may encounter.
The military of the Territory are instructed to be in readiness to march to any given point to which they may be directed.
Governor Young left Great Salt Lake City on the 20th April, for the purpose of visiting the Indians located near the Southern settlements.
The News does not apprehend any serious outbreak from the difficulties reported by express, they having en-tered into a treaty of amity until word could be had from the Superintendent.
The Governor was attended by Kimball and others high in authority.
The weather during the latter part of April was mild. There was a slight hail storm on the 17th. Peach trees, currants and other shrubbery in full bloom on the 21st, although one foot of snow fell during that day, yet it was so warm that it mostly disappeared before sunset. The cold weather did not materially injure the crops.
The weather during the first fortnight in May was pleasent but cold; several frosts, some pretty severe, in-juring the peach and apple blossoms. The 10th of May was very warm. The fruit trees have been greatly in-jured by a small black or brown fly.
The water table of the temple is being laid, preparatory for the reception of the block or adobes. The ma-sons have been hindered for want of lime. Team work is wanted for hauling limestone, and the News calls on the brethren to send in their cattle and wagons.
The general mastering of the troops of the Nauvoo Le-gion on the 7th May, is spoken of as a splendid affair. The News says there was quite a contrast between the silver greys of 60 and 70 and the boys of 10 and 14, but all appeared to vie with all which should do their duty best.
The April mail from Independence arrived on the 7th of May. A great portion of the mails from November to April were left at Laramie on account of the scarcity of horses and mules. From the freezing and starving the past winter, there could not be enough procured to bring the whole mail, but arrangements were made for the transmission of the remainder.
The News is down in a leader on that portion of the saints who have been selling guns and amunition to the Indians. It is said that the Bishop of Granville has ex-communicated such from the church, and the News says for the credit of the Bishop it hopes it is true, and if all Bishops would do their duty, the brethren would have the means of defence and not be obliged to contend against the weapons they have sold. The News further says "that it is not its pleasure to censure the Saints; we had much rather bless them, and we do bless them all the time; but if any are so perfect they can be no better, they have no business here; and the sooner they take up their abode in the spirit land, or some other convenient place, the better; they are not fit to be citizens of Deseret. Reformation and improvement is the order of God's kingdom."
Mr. Barnard has furnished the News with the following interesting letter, detailing his outward trip to the Great Salt Lake City.
G. S. L. City, April 18,1853
The mail left Sacramento on the 16th of march, for this place—was taken to Hangtown same day by stage; left next morning on a pack animal, for the head of the South Fork. About 40 miles from Hangtown the snow became so deep that our mule had to be sent back, when it became necessary to put the packs on our backs from thence to Carson Valley, (70 miles distant,) over the summit of the Sierra Nevada, through snow banks of 20 and 40 feet in depth. With untiring effort, and almost superhuman endurance, we reached our post in Carson on the 21st.
On the 23d, our party, (consisting of eight, all well mount-ed and equipped,) commenced our journey for this point.
At the Deseret we met a band of Indians; bargained with two of them to accompany the mail; one came with this par-ty, the other is to come with the next. Also made arrangements with a whole family of Indians (who were to leave the next day for our trading post.) to live with us to herd our stock, and make themselves generally useful: we in return to feed and clothe them, and make presents to their friends.
We saw a great many Indians on the road, and had talks with them all. We bestowed small presents, and gave them food. They were mostly all naked. We promised them pres-ents on our return. They appeared much pleased, and arc anxious to be on good terms with the whites. At one time we were in a company of some 200 of these poor beings, all of whom appeared perfectly friendly. The upper tribes, when they found that we had an Indian with us, were overjoyed; we could never give them sufficient time to finish their talk. Noth-ing but a pacific course towards these Indians is necessary to secure their friendship Such is to be our policy.
The waters of the Humboldt were never higher; all the tributaries are swimming. The Indians' horses cave mostly all perished in the snows. All the mountains are covered with snow: consequently, the waters will keep up for a long time, We not only had to swim every stream, but wade through ex-tensive bottoms for miles up to our knees, aid often our arm-pits in mud and water.
Mr. Ferguson and myself left our party on Goose Creek, to hasten in with the mail. We found but little snow on the mountains. Teams can go os far as Goose Creek now, but no further for a month to come. Grass good all the Kay.
It is the determination of the mail contractors to spare no pains, trouble or expense, in forwarding the United States mail to end from California. They have made such arrangements and adopted such measures, that success is inevitable.
On my return to Carson Valley, we shall start out a com-pany to explore a new route, whereby 300 miles travel caw be saved, which will so shorten the distance that a failure of this mail cannot happen.
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