From the St. Louis Republican, Sept. 4.
Our correspondent writes us as follows:—
WARSAW, Sept. 1, 1846.
The anti-Mormon posse moved from Carthage toward Nauvoo on Sunday morning last, and encamped on the Fort Madison road, seven miles from Carthage, where they yet remain, and will not again take up their march until Thursday, awaiting the reception of more reinforce-ments, and the receipt of some heavy artillery from St. Louis.
Persons who left the camp to-day, at 11 o'clock, say that the number is now about 800, a force which many consider entirely adequate to enter Nauvoo with; but the officers in command deem it best to march with such a number as will bear down all opposition, and at the same time accomplish their object with as small a loss of life as possible.
The encampment, it is expected, will receive a large accession from the adjoining counties between now and the resumption of their march, persons from several of them having visited the posse, and found that it was the determination to enter Nauvoo certain this time.
A quantity of powder, canister shot and muskets, in-tended for Nauvoo, came up on Saturday night last, and affidavit was made before a magistrate that they were intended to be used for unlawful purposes, and they were accordingly stopped.
Last evening, a detachment from the anti-Mormon camp went up the river opposite Keokuk, and succeeded in getting possession of the whole and bearing them to the camp.
One hundred and fifty men were sent out from Nau-voo during the night to intercept the party and recapture the ammunition, but the expedition failed, the anti-Mor-mons taking a different, road.
This expedition is said by persons from Nauvoo to have been under the immediate command of Captain Backenstos, of the United States army.
Regular sentries are placed by ahe parties on the prairies, between Nauvoo and the anti-Mormon camp, and the pickets of each are alternately driven in during the night.
In addition we learn from the Quincy Whig, of Wed-nesday, that Col. John B. Chittenden of Adams county, one of the signers of the adress which we published two or three days ago, had been taken prisoner by the Mor-mons and was confined at Nauvoo.
They sent out word, it is said, that if he would come into the city they would negotiate a peace—he did so go in—and when there, they seized him as a prisoner.
On the evening of the 31st a numerous meeting of the citizens of Quincy was held.
Resolutions were adopted by the meeting, that they had learned with indignation of the disgraceful capture and detention, by the Mormons, of their esteemed fel-low citizen, Col. John B. Chittenden ; that said deten-tion demands the severest retribution ; that a committee of six be appointed to confer and co-operate with Col. James W. Singleton, in reducing the Mormons to obe-dience, and effecting the immediate liberation of Col. Chittenden.
A committee was then appointed, under one of these resolutions, who, in part performance of their duties reported :
1st That in cases of emergency delays are dangerous.
2d. That in order to carry out the resolves of the meet-ing, to assist in executing the laws of the state, it is es-sentially necessary aid should be given those who are engaged in the legal discharge of their duty in Hancock county opposed by a mob in Nauvoo.
We therefore recommend that as many mounted vol-unteers as can be mustered at the Court House in Quin-cy, on Wednesday morning, the 2d inst. armed for the occasion, ready for marching to the scene of action, with four days provision.
In the mean time, the committee will visit Carthage and meet the volunteers at Ursa at 11 o'clock on Wed-nesday and report as circumstances may require.
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