Important from the Great Salt Lake.
Progress of the Mormon Settlement—Election of State Officers—A Delegate to Congress—Organiza-tion of a State Government, &c.
It has been announced that the people residing in the Valley of the Great Salt Lake had instituted for themselves a form of government, which is to be submitted to Congress at its next session. We have been permitted to look at certified copies of the constitution thus established, and of the pro-ceedings of the Legislature under it and of the rea-sons which led to these movements. The new Stnte is quaintly styled the "State of Deseret," which implies, according to the Mormon history and interpretation, the "honey bee," and is signifi-cant of industry and the kindred virtues. It is scarcely necessary to say to our readers, that the population of this new State is composed altogether of persons professing the Mormon faith of whom the number is rapidly increasiag every year, that being the State to which all their emigration is tending. In these proceedings, as in every thing elsel the peculiarities of this people are preserved, though we cannot see that this will offer any good bar to their application or admission into the Union.
In February last, notice was given to all the cit-izens of that portion of Upper California, lying east, of the Sierra Nevada mountains, that a convention would be held at the Great Salt Lake City, on the 5th of March, for the purpose of taking into con-sideration the propriety of organizing a territorial or State government. On the day appointed the Convention met, "consisting of a large portion of the inhabitants of that portion of Upper California, lying east of the Sierra Nevada mountains." Dan-iel Spencer was elected Chairman; William Clay-ton, secretary; and Horace S. Eldridge, Marshal.
A Committee of ten was appointed to draft con-stitution, under which they should govern them-selves until the Congress of the United States should otherwise provide.
Alfred Carrington, Joseph L. Haywood,
Wm. W. Phelps, David Fullmer.
John S. Fullmer, Charles C. Rich,
John Taylor, Parley P. Pratt,
John M. Birnbisel, Erastus Snow.
The Convention adjourned to the 8th, when they met to receive the report of the committee.
This report was then made, in the shape of a pre-amble and Constitution. The first clause is as fol-lows:
We, the people, grateful to the Supreme Being for the blessings hitherto enjoyed, and feeling our de-pendence on Him for a continuation of those bless-ings, do ordain and establish a free and independent government, by the name of the State of Deseret, including all the following boundaries, to wit :—Commencing at the 33d deg. north latitude where it crosses the 108th deg. longitude, west of Greenwich; thence running south and west to the northern boundary of Mexico; thence west to and down the channel of the Gila river, on the northern boundary of Lower California, to the Pacific ocean; thence along the coast northwesterly on the 118th deg. 30 min. of west longitude; thence north to where said line intersects the dividing ridge of the Sierra Ne-vada mountains; thence north along the summit of the Sierra Nevada mountains to the dividing range of mountain that separate the waters flowing into the Columbia river on the north from the waters flowing into the Great Basin on the south, to the summit of Wind river chain of mountains; thence southeast and south ey the dividing range of moun-tains that separate the waters flowing into the Gulf of Mexico from the waters flowing into the Gulf of California, to the place of beginning, as set forth in a map drawn by Charles Preuss, and published by order of the Senate of the United States, in 1848."
The powers of the government are then divided into three departments—Legislative, Executive and Judicial.
The article in relation to the Legislative Depart-ment is not essentially different from the constitu-tions of the several States. Members are required to be free white male citizens of the United States, and to take an oath to support the constitution there-of. The first Senate is to consist of seventeen mem-bers, and the House of thirty-five members. In the Executive Department, provision is made for the election of Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of State, Auditor of Public Accounts and Treasurer. The Judicial power is vested in a Su-preme Court and such inferior tribunals as the Leg-islature shall establish. A Chief Justice and two associates compose the Supreme Court,
The fifth article provides for the election of all the officers named in the constitution on the first Mon-day of May, [last] and for a vote for or against the adoption of the construction, "and if a majority of all the legal votes shall be in favor of its adoption, the same shall take effect from and after said elec-tion.
In the Declaration of Rights, it is declared "that all men have a natural and inalienable right to worship God according to the dictates of their own conscience, and the General Assembly shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof, or disturbing any person in his religious worship or sentiments—provided he does not disturb the public peace nor obstruct others in their religious worship."
The Constitution was adopted on the 10th of March, 1849.
The first General Assembly met on the 2d July.
Speaker of the House.
Clerk Asst. Clerk.
FREDERICK CARRINGTON. JOHN D. LF. E.
Sergeant at Arms.
GEORGE D. GRANT.
After the organization, the Chairman announced to the House, that a majority of all the votes of the people had been given for the adoption of the con-stitution. The following persons were announced as elected State officers:
HEBER C. KEMBALL.
Secretary of State. Auditor of Pub. Accounts.
WILLIAM RICHARDS. WILLIAM CLAYTON.
JOSEPH S. HEYWOOD.
On the 3d, a resolution was passed providing for a joint committee to memorialize Congress for a State or Territorial Government, which was after-wards reported and adopted.
On the 5th inst., according to previous resolutions, the Legislature met in joint session and proceeded to ballot for a Delegate and Representative, to Con-gress, when Almon W. Babbitt, Esq., having re-ceived a majority of all the votes, was declared du-ly elected.
On the 9th, the Legislature adjourned sine die.—Before doing so they adopted a memorial to Con-gress, in which they set forth the reasons which have induced them to organize a State Govern-ment. They cite the failure of Congress to pro-vide a government for the territory acquired from Mexico, the abrogation of the Mexican law, the anarchy which has followed; "the revolver and the bowie-knife (they say,) have been the highest law of the land— the strong have prevailed against the weak—while persons, property, character, and re-ligion have been unaided, and virtue unprotected." Finally, they represent that there is now as ufficient number of inhabitants residing within the State Deseret to support a State government, and to re-lieve the General government from the expense of a Territorial government; and they therefore ask that the constitution accompanying this memorial be ratified, and that the State Deseret be admitted into the Union on an equal footing with the other States, or that such form of government may be given as deemed expedient; and that their Delegate may be received, and their interests properly repre-sented in the Congress of the United States.
Not a word is said in the constitution about slave-ry or the Wilmot Proviso, such things not having entered into the imaginations of the law-givers as important for their welfare. The constitution will be pressed upon Congress, and, if ratified, two new Snators and a Representative will soon appear in that body from the State Deseret—a State which was without a settled inhabitant four years ago, and which is some twenty-five hundred miles from the seat of the Federal Government.
The Mormon Salt Lake City, is located in a val-ley 150 miles long by 20 or 30 broad, with a gen-eral descent to the lake. There are 6,000 people there, each of whom has an acre and a quarter of land for a garden.
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