FROM COUNCIL BLUFFS.—The steamer Gen-eral Brooek arrived on Saturday from Council Bluffs. On the 18th of August she left here with about one hundred tons ofmgoods and ammu-nition for the fur company of P. Chouteau, Jr. & Co. No rains had fallen, and there was no prospect of a rise in the upper portion of the river.
We learn that the Mormons who were noticed some time since as being at Council Bluffs have scattered. Some have gone over to the Platte river; numbers have located in and about the Bluffs, and a deputation and a large number of wagons have been sent back to Nauvoo to in-duce others to follow. It was currently report-ed, at the Bluffs, that they intend to concen-trate upon the Potawattamie lands, so soon as this tribe of Indians shall remove to the south side of the river, which they have stipulated with the United States to do during the coming year.
A large number contend for the emigration to Oregon; others for California; and the Ore-gon party have separated from those who are contented to stay on the Missouri, and appear to be most numerous,—and in order to carry out their design of removing to that country they have sent far ahead into the wilderness, and in the direction they intend to pursue, a number of their party to prepare a crop against their coming. At Council Bluffs much dissatisfaction prevails amongst the old settlers, on account of their appearance, but as the Mor-mons are by far the most numerous, they con-ceive it most prudent to say but little, and to bear with inconveniences and insults with Chris-tian fortitude.
The regiment recently taken from there to swell Mr. Polk's army has left what may be termed a great many grass widows; and, if we are correctly informed, near one half of those who enlisted were married men, who have gone off and left their families upon the charity and at the mercy of their brethren. Our informant, in conversing upon this subject, stated that he never saw so many women and children together at one time in his life, as he saw the day after the Gen. B. arrived at the Bluffs. They flocked in from all quarters to hear the news. Nauvoo and the Regiment for California was the burthen of their inquiries.
Besides those who have gone off in the regi-ment, a great number of the men have left their families to search for locations at which to winter; others are on hunting excursions; and the balance are employed in agriculture, &c. The joint-stock system appears to have been done away with, and every family is now upon its 'own hook.' They live about separately in huts and tents, and each one is trying to take care of its own household.
Should they linger about the Bluffs till the removal of the Indians, it is more than probable an attempt will be made, by those who have given up the idea of emigrating to the Pacific, to concentrate their forces and to take posses-sion of the beautiful country known as the Pot-tawattamie lands. Where they are they have been enabled, by farming and hunting, too keep soul and body together, but during the coming winter they must suffer very severely, if a great many of them do not actually perish for the want of provisions. The fanaticism and delu-sion that keeps them together is truly deplora-ble.—St. Louis New Era, 21st.
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