IMPORTANT FROM UTAH.
The Mormons will Fight.
THEY ARE MAKING CANNON AND REVOLVERS.
The Council Bluffs Bugle of the 3d says that Mr. Wingate has just arrived from Salt Lake, Jan. 25, and reports that there was no snow in Salt Lake Valley, and very little in the mountains. He came by a route known only to the Mormons, through the mountains, by which only horsemen in single file can pass. The army has not discovered any trace of it. The route passes through perpendicular rocks for 13 miles, is in many places only three feet wide, and is completely covered by a roof of rock.
Mr. Wingate says that the Mormons are manufac-turing small cannon with percussion locks and teles-copic sights, which will carry a two pound ball with much more certainty than a common rifle one hundred and twenty yards. They are also making five hundred revolvers a week and manufacturing a coarse kind of gunpowder for mining purposes.
A skirmish had occurred between a party of Mor-mons and a picket guard of the Army, in which two of the former were killed, and it was reported that four of the latter were slain.
Mr. Wingate says that Brigham Young is willing that the civil officers shall come into the Territory, and enter upon their duties, but that if the army attempts to enter the valley, it will be resisted.
On the 24th of January Brigham Young preached to 9,000 people, all of whom rose when Young said, "All "in favor of giving the troops hell to rise."
A letter from Captain Marcy at Taos, January 24, says that he was fifty-seven days in making the trip from Fort Bridger. For two hundred miles the party encountered snow two to five feet deep. They made only thirty miles in ten days, and for eleven days lived on their starved mules. One man perished on the way, and many were badly frozen. Forty-four out of the sixty-six mules with which he started died.
The Salt Lake mail arrived at Los Angeles on Feb. 3, with dates from Great Salt Lake City to Jan 7.
The tone of the sermons published in The Deseret News is pretty much the same as before, except that Brigham Young appears to use somewhat less violent language. The officers and members of the Legis-lative Assembly have addressed a memorial to the President and Congress of the United States, which is much in the same strain with the message of Brigham Young. It assumes as the consti-tutional right of the inhabitants of Utah the privilege of choosing their own rulers and making their own laws "without let or hindrance." The charge is repeated that the appointments for Utah have been made from among "the reckless, the drunken, the unprincipled, the houseless and penni-less," "corrupt demagogues," a "disgrace to the "Government," who spent their time in endeavoring to make disturbance. The intention is denied of pla-cing any obstacles in the way of "GOOD men that "might be appointed to rule over them;" but at the same time it is assumed that good men would not accept "offices among a people where they well knew they "were not wanted, and where they had no constitu-tional right to be."
It is charged that the troops, from the time they left Missouri, have threatened to take the lives of the Mormons, to sport at pleasure with their wives and daughters, and to destroy their leaders; whence the memorialists have no confidence to believe the present movement a harmless demonstration intended for their good. They call upon the Government to "withdraw "the troops and to give them a voice in the selection "of their officers," but of what they intend to do if their demand is refused, they do not give any dis-tinct indication.
ST. LOUIS, Monday, March 15,1858.
John Hartnett, Secretary of Utah, arrived on Satur-day night. He left Camp Scott on Jan. 26, and reports that the troops were in comfortable condition and excel-lent health, only four deaths having occurred since the arrival of the command.
ln view of a serious if not insurmountable obstacle in the fortification of the canons by the Mormons, it was thought that the entrance into the Salt Lake Val-ley would be made by another route a hundred miles longer, but offering no obstructions of any magnitude.
Two hundred of the principal men of the Utah Indians had been in to the camp, and gave assurance of the peaceable intentions of the tribe toward the Americans. The Cheyennes also desired peace.
With the exception of along the skirts of the south side of the South Pass, Hartnett met with no snow on the route. Grass was expected unusually early. No mail had reached the camp since that of October. The November mail was met at Green River—that of January at the foot of the Rocky Ridge, and that of February six miles beyond Ash Hollow.
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