Condition of Affairs in the Country of the Latter-Day Saints.
From Our Own Correspondent.
GREAT SALT LAKE CITY, Friday, April 19,1861, By the last mail from the East arrived Mr. HUM-PHREY, of the Indian Agency for this Territory, from Washington, and bringing with him a goodly amount of that glittering ore which creditors, as well as every body else, are particularly pleased to see and feel. The next day he passed on to the Indian Farm, near Spanish Fork, Utah County, his wonted base of opera-tions.
By the bye, there is considerable promise of further Indian difficulties on the Central Route hence to Cal-ifornia. These Great Basin Bedouins, the latter end of last month, drove off sll the mail animals from, the station at Cold Springs, a place that about equally divides the distance between this and Carson Valley. At other points threats have been tendered that there may be another Summer's skirmishing on that line with these red guirillas. Col. DAVIS, Indian Su-perintendent, made a gift expedition among some of these Indians last Winter, and now it appears that the Indians unvisited consider themselves sligted and insulted, while those who were cheered by the light of the Superintendent's countenanc, and comforted by his substantials, are rather displeased that another pay day is not beginning to loom up in the immediate future so that the reverend men generally in that direction are about alike dissatisfied. Such is Indian human nature. Perhaps, with the approaching increase of mail service, and the consequent great multiplication of stations and men on the route, the danger will sub-side. As Conventions are the order of the day, it might be a good thing to hold one or more of these grand concerns with the Indians of Utah and Nevada, wherein definite reservations could be set apart for the various tribes, fixed annuities guarantied to them, and heavy penalties or punishment announced for violation of certain essential regulations. The In-dians of the desert, wilderness country that fills up the gap between this and Carson valleys, are gene-rally understood to be in very pitiable circumstances, living on rabits, prairie dogs, snakes, lizarda, brown locusts and black crickets, cooked, half-cooked, or raw, according to the urgency of the stomach-calls, and imitating to a great degree the costume of the Greek Slave, or the Edenic fashions of our two primeval projenitors.
The isolation which this Territory has hitherto rejoiced in, appears to be gradually succumbing to the inevitable strides of modern progress. The attrac-tion of the precious ore at Pike's Peak, Washoe, and the Colorado, the new daily overland mail, the faster though less frequent "pony," the telegraphic wires, which, it would seem, from recent efforts and suc-cesses and present prospects, both in California and the States, will, ere many months, span this continent along the parallel of this valley—these are all un-mistakable evidences of the rapidly decreasing dis-tance between Utah and “civilization." The iron horse, tearing and thundering across the sage deserts and through the narrow kanyons of the Great Basin, will finish up the business by bringing the Salt Lake and the Mormon Temple, within two or three days' journey of the Eastern States. Whether the sturdy, salient features of Mormon society will by that time be worn off by attrition, through increasing contact with the outside world, or become so plastic as to "give and take," according to the outside pres-sure, or whether those features will assume a granitic character, and collision ensue, wish essential damage to one or both of the antagonistic parties, is certainly a highly interesting speculation; but, after all, it must be left to time, the great revealer, to tell the story.
A weekly mail has recently been established from Brigham City, at the Northern extremity of this val-ley, through Mendon, Wellsville, Hyrum, Millsville, and Providence to Logan, the county seat of the new-ly settled, but thriving Cache Valley. Considerable dissatisfaction exists because the route was not con-tinued further up the valley, so as to accommodate all the settlements, instead of only a portion of them.
The Mormons here reflect a little upon BEN Mc-CULLOCH, urging that when he was in Utah, near three years ago, as Peace Commissioner, he was very hard on rebellion and very sticklish for submission to the Government, whereas no w he is one of the foremost t'other way, and, if the telegraph be truthful, contem-plates a belligerent descent upon that very capital and Government which he insisted the Mormons should respect. It is even said that either BEN was an im-position then, or that he is one now.
Misfortunes, it is said, never come singly. The firm in which Mr. RUSSELL has a hand must think so. The Floyd acceptances must have bothered him con-siderably; then came the Livingston attachment on the mail-carrying property; and now certain STEW-ARTS, ANDREW & BENJAMIN give the public notice not to receive or negotiate a certain note, drawn by them in favor of RUSSELL, MAJORS & WADDELL, or order, for $6,474.95. Of course this is a little matter, compared with the renowned acceptances. But "many a little makes a mickle."
On Monday a mule train of about twenty wagons left this city for the States. There is a good deal of merchandize annually brought here, that does not come through the Salt Lake merchants. Men take means from here, go to the East, buy goods for them-selves, and buy and bring through goods for others, charging the prime cost of the articles, and from fif-teen to twenty cents per pound carriage to this city. This, of course, is vastly more economical than pur chasing of the merchants here, effecting, in reality, a saving of from twenty-five to fifty per cent.—for there is no store-rent, clerks’ wages, nor dead stock, to eat up the profits, each person sending for just the thing he needs.
The steamers for going to the Missouri River, and fetching here the Mormon immigration, are repairing to the rendezvous, preparatory to a start eastward. Probably fifty-two yoke-teams will go from this city, and a proportionate number from other cities and the country settlements.
Thursday and Friday of last week were great days with the farmers and stock owners of this city and vicinity. Cows cattle and horses are hurried "over Jordan," on a sage-brush and bunch-grass range, some thirty miles long by five to ten wide, and there glean their living Summer and Winter. On the two days mentioned, the range was scoured by bands of horsemen, and the live stock brought together into fields or corrals, to be identified by the owners. Sev-eral hundred of horses, and thousands of cattle were assembled, while horsemen and pedestrians were perhaps as numerous. In fact, it looked a good deal like "going to the races." Many found their "hosses" and "hoxen," and many didn't. The "unclaimed "animils " and. "critters " were kindly taken care of by the pound-keeper.
The weather continues delightful. Apricots, peach and current trees are commencing to bloom most promisingly, unnipped by the rude fingers of Jack Frost, either in his Winter or Spring visitations.
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