The Mormon Organ Removed to Fillmore City—Mormon Sentiments—Orson Hyde's History—Brigham Young on the Migration.
We have received files of the Deseret News to May 5. The News is no longer published at Salt Lake City, the entire establishment having been removed, first to Provo, and then to Fillmore City. The paper is published on a sheet of one-half the former size, and is singularly barren of news relative to Mormon movements. An elaborate biographical sketch of Elder ORSON HYDE fills one page. The leading editorial article in the paper of the 5th of May is entitled “Queries from Utah." It makes the following inquiries:
"Upon what principle does President BUCHANAN, some of his Cabinet, and many in the Congress of the United States, seem disposed to treat a large number of American citizens in a manner expressly prohibited by the letter and spirit of the Constitution? Our fathers were commended for their patriotism and wisdom in deeming 'revolution a right,' when 'Government is a mere oppression,' and why should not their sons be applauded for cherishing a like correct and noble principle? Why cannot would be statesmen discern the truth, and practice the sound political doctrine advocated by Senator HUNTER, of Virginia, Feb. 24, 1854, when he declared, 'I say the whole subject of government ought to be left to the people of the Territories; that is the American principle'?
Self-government was the governing principle in the formation and adoption of the Constitution; why is it sought to be ignored by so many who are high in power? These queries may be neither 'piquant' nor ‘spicy' to the newsmongers, for movements of mobs and the triumph of evil are topics of more savory relish to them; yet these queries have to be met and satisfactorily answered."
In the course of an article on Kansas and the Army, Bill, the News says:
"Shrieks for freedom in Kansas are heard all over the land; but from Maine to Mexico—from the Atlantic to the Rocky Mountains, there is scarcely a solitary chirp heard in favor of human rights or self-government in Utah. Who would lift a voice in favor of peaceful, law-abiding, but, therefore, unpopular Utah, when so much notoriety can be gained by howling for 'bleeding' Kansas. Were Utah de-pendent for the maintenance of her liberties and rights on those alone whose sworn duty it is to see that she has them, in common with her sister States and Territories, what a wretched fate would be hers!"
Some items in ORSON HYDE'S autobiography are interesting. HYDE is one of the ablest of the Mormon leaders, and takes a high rank in the affections of the Saints. He gives the following account of his conversion to Mormonism:
"About this time, some vague reports came in the newspapers that a 'golden Bible' had been dug out of a rock in the State of New York. It was treated, however, as a hoax. But, on reading the report, I remarked as follows: 'Who knows but that this "golden Bible" may break up all our religion, and change its whole features and bearing?’ Nothing mere was heard of it for a long time in that section.
Not long after this, the Campbeilite doctrine began to be preached in Mentor and in Kirtland. Elder S. RIGDON was its chief advocate there. Being forcibly struck with the doctrine of immersion or baptism for the remission of sins, and many other important items of doctrine which were advocated by this new sect, and which were passed over by the Methodists as non-essentials, I left the Methodists and became a convert to this new faith.
Early in the Spring of 1830, I returned to Elyria and Florence, and became the pastor of the churches raised up the Fall previous. During the Fall and Winter of 1830, I also taught school in Florence. During the Fall, SAMUEL H, SMITH, ZIBA PETERSON, F. G. WILLIAMS and PETER WHITMER came along through that section, preaching the Golden Bible or Mormonism. I encountered them; but perceiving that thev were mostly illiterate men, and at the same time observing some examples of superior wisdom and truth in their teaching, I resolved to read the famed 'Golden Bible,' as it was called.
Accordingly, I procured the book and read a portion of it, but came to the conclusion that it was all a fiction. I preached several times against the Mormon doctrine, or rather against the Mormon Bible. On one occasion, the people of Ridgeville, near Elyria, sent for me to preach against the Mormon Bible. I complied with the request, and preached against it. The people congratulated me much, thinking that Mormonism was completely floored; but I, for the first time, thought that the Mormon Bible might be the truth of heaven, and fully resolved, before leaving the house, that I would never preach against it any more until I knew more about it, being pretty strongly convinced in my own mind that I was doing wrong. In the Summer of 1831, I went to Kirtland, and, under cover of clerkship in the old store of WHITNEY & GILBERT, I examined Mormonism. Read the Mormon Bible carefully through, attended meetings of the Mormons and others, heard the arguments pro and con.; but was careful to say nothing. I prayed much unto the Lord for light and knowledge, for wisdom and spirit to guide me in my examinations and investigations. Often heard the prophet talk in public and in private upon the subject of the new religion; also heard what the opposition had to say. Listened also to many foolish tales about the Prophet—too foolish to have a place in this narrative. I marked carefully the spirit that attended the opposition, and also the spirit that attended the Mormons and their friends; and after about three months of careful and prayerful investigation, reflection and meditation, I came to the conclusion that the Mormons had more light and a better spirit than their opponents. I concluded that I could not be the loser by joining the Mormons; and, as an honest man, conscientiously bound to walk in the best and clearest light I saw, I resolved to be baptized into the new religion."
Further intelligence of the movements of the three advance parties sent Southward by the Mormons, reaches us by way of California. Judge WARNER writes from San Bernardino:
"Brother LYMAN has returned from his Colorado River exploration trip, without having found a place suitable for the location of the Saints upon the banks of the stream. President DANA continues among the spurs of the eastern slope of the Sierra Nevada. The Mormons still continue moving south from the great city and the towns north of it."
A letter from a Mormon declares the Saints will have no Governor but BRIGHAM:
"Major CUMMING, Governor for Utah, had paid the Saints a visit at Provo, and called upon the good people to learn if they were willing that he should govern them. To which they responded by a long, loud, unanimous 'No! That when we called you, you came not; that when we wanted your assistance, you gave us none; and now that our Father BRIGHAM has stood by us in times of trouble—in days of affliction; and has brought us safe thus far through life; and has secured for us the cloud by day and the pillar of fire by night, be it resolved, that Father BRIGHAM YOUNG be our Governor, now and forevermore, Amen,!' The Saints seemed to enjoy themselves, and say that the Son of Man came down and had not where to lay his head; was taken, mobbed and slain; all for being a law-abiding man;—and why should they complain?"
A San Francisco paper says:
"Letters came, by the mail of the 8th, from Mormons in Utah to personal friends in San Bernardino, which state that the Mormons have been ordered by YOUNG to leave all the settlements north of Provo, Great Salt Lake City included, and move south. Mr. WILLIAM MATHEWS, a well known dignitary of the Mormon church, and formerly a resident of San Bernardino, writes from Beaver city about the 13th May, that the entire population of Utah are in motion, but says he is ignorant of their destination." BRIGHAM had made a speech to the Saints concerning the migration. He said:
"Let this people go together and be together, and let the women say there is such a thing as flax, and such a thing as a wheel to spin it. I am willing to leave this place, if I am called upon, and to take joyfully the spoiling of my goods; it is all right. It is a trouble for us to take care of the property we have, and if I knew that it was just as pleasing to the Lord, I would rather reduce it to ashes. We can move chairs, bureaus, etc. Shall we take out such things first? Charge your minds with this counsel. Bishops and all Elders of Israel, the articles of food are the first to be moved to safe places. Take care of the eatables, and see that they are well secured; take care of our grain, etc., first, and see that the Indians cannot get our oxen and cows, then we will take care of the people; then if we have the time we can move more or less of the valuable furniture, and cache our doors, lumber, etc. Perhaps we will come back here, and perhaps not, I would as soon be here as anywhere, and anywhere as here, wherever the Lord may require me."
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