AFFAIRS IN UTAH.
Departure of Gov. Cumming for Georgia—His Return Improbable—Francis H. Wootten Governor pro tem.—Whisky Li-censes—Trade, &c.
Correspondence of the New-York Times.
GREAT SALT LAKE CITY, Friday, May 24,1861.
Last Friday afternoon, in a very quiet sort of a way, departed from this city His Excellency Gov. CUMMING and lady, for their Georgian home on the Savannah, he having obtained leave of absence for some seven months, though it is generally believed that he will never again cast his eyes upon the Salt Lake country.
There was no formal adieu, no ostentatious fare-well, no complimenary dinner or tipper, no eulogis-tic speechification conected with his departure. In-deed, though everybody understood he was going, very few persons knew when until he was clean gone.
In passing up Emigration Cañon, Saturday, his provision wagon, unfortunately, upset, the contents gravitating to the bottom of the creek. Same passers-by helped to set the wagon right side up, aid replace the loading, which accomplished, His Excellency handed over a golden acknowledgement, and went on his way rejoicing.
According to the Organic act, and the Governor's published notice, Secretary WOOTTON sits in the Gubernatorial Chair pro tem. The notice referred to reads as follows:
GREAT SAIT LAKE CITY, May 17,1861.
To the Inhabitants of the Territory of Utah :
The period of my official appointment, as Gov-ernor of this Territory, will expire in the early part of the year one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, Considerations of a personal nature demand my immediate return to the States ; therefore, in accordance with the provision contained in the third section of the act of Congress, entitled “An act to establish a Territorial Government for Utah," the Hon. FRANCIS H. WOOTTON, Secretary of the Terri-tory, will assume and discharge all the duties of Gov-ernor during my absence. A. GUMMING.
A few months ago, the municipal authorities of this city subjected the whisky manufacturers and venders to a very heavy license, intended, indeed, to be pro-hibitary in effect. The very law-abiding straightway closed their liquor business, being perfectly unable to long pay their way and their license too. But it is a difficult matter to obtain barrels or bottles of suffi-ciently excellent workmanship that they will not leak, "by hook or by crook." So it began to be evi-dent that, notwithstanding the license and all that, the cause of teetotal abstinence did not become so hon-ored as was anticipated. The City Council, there-fore, gave Mr. N. H, FELT the privilege of keeping a whisky-store, for the convenience of all the thirsty souls who felt disposed and had the means to patron-ize him. Our city fathers evidently considered that the day of compromises was not forever gone, and that it might be a good thing and politic to be merci-ful towards the weaknesses of the flesh, and turn an honest penny at the game time.
Flour continues to be exported from this to the ad-joing Territories. Messrs. PERRY DYER & Co. have this week dispatched an ox-train, so freighted, for Pike's Peak, and Messrs. DYER & Co. are advertising for a number of teamsters to drive a similar train to Carson Valley.
The Fort Crittenden contracts for supplying that post with 2 200 cords of cedar, 2,000 cords of pine, for fuel, 1,200 tons of hay, and 200 tons of straw, have been awarded to Mr. JAMES E. WALKER, at the following rates : hay, $13, straw, $9 25 per ton; cedar, $3 50, pine, $4 65 per cord. The Deseret News thinks the farmers will obtain higher prices for hay from LIVING-STON, BELL & Co., for the sustenance of the mill and express animals.
Messrs, BROOKS, MERRIAM and RATHBUN arrived, in this city last Monday, with an assortment of goods from California. They came by the San Bernardino route. Spring and early Summer are our annual scarce time for merchandise, and already some of our merchants are out of some article essential to a moderately complete assortment.
Two new stores are being built in our principal business street—one by J. B. KIMBALL & Co., and the other by WALKER BROTHERS. The first-named replaces a very inelegant coopers' board shanty, on the south-east corner of Council-house block.
There is no hope for the "South" from this Terri-tory, for, like Great Britain, Utah is on the lookout for ether than Carolina fields, where King Cotton may luxuriate. Tabernacle goers were informed last Sunday that "Brother BRIGHAM," on his present tour, would have an eye to the capabilities of the Santa Clara and Rio Virgin country for the cotton crop. Some eleven hundred pounds of this necessary article arrived in this city a short time ago from the region named, as an earnest of what that portion of the Territory may yet produce.
Boisterous and half cloudy weather has prevailed of late, with abundance of storm threatenings, but not a drop of rain to soak the thirsty earth. Grain, however, and garden truck in general, look promis-ing, and the barren benches around us will never look greener than they do, till another Winter's snows have hid them from our sight, and other vernal showers have arrayed them in another Summer's dress.
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