Politico-military Movements-The Fall Immigration—Miscellaneous—Tele-graphs.
Correspondence of the New-York Times.
GREAT SALT LAKE CITY,
Tuesday, Nov. 27, 1865.
The Union Vedette, the anonymous organ of the troops and of the Gentiles, has come out of Camp Douglas, and established itself in the heart of the city, announcing that it means to stay in its last chosen location until it has revolutionized Utah, and brought the Territory up to its (the Vedette's) standard. The Mormon portion of the community, however—ever suspicious—appear to regard the movement partly as made for the advantage of getting later telegraphic and other news, and partly as one of a series of operations having in view the settlement of the vexed Mormon question.
Gen. CONNOR has rented a large house in the city for a residence, and rumors prevail of the intention of distributing and locating a number of the troops in this and other cities of the territory. These things, in connection with the avowed deadly hostility of the General and a large number of the officers and troops to the Mormon portion of the citizens, render many persons apprehensive of difficulties before the Winter shall have passed. Very likely considerable discre-tion will be necessary, on the part of both the army and the Mormon citizens, to avoid a collision between such antagonistic elements, for there is certainly no love lost between the Mormons and the soldiery. The officers consider that the Mormons need watch-ing pretty closely and regulating in many matters of their polity, and on the other hand the Mormons con-sider that the soldiers are here for the express pur-pose of overawing them, of interfering with their do-mestic concerns, and of stirring up strife and inau-gurating bloodshed in some way or other. The two opposite elements may exist together without seri-ous conflict, but they are naturally so radically antag-onistic that they will never harmonise so long as they live.
The militia of the territory of late have been dril-ling and reviewing in the different counties, and, as a counterpart, last week Gen. CONNOR marched his cav-alry through the city for review. The Mormons evi-dently think the General is somewhat mortified at be-ing relieved of his command in the Indian country, and that he would be nothing loth to retrieve his prestige by means of a brush with "old Brigham" and his adherents.
Some of the troops do not appear to be very well satisfied with their situation here. After having been in the army in active service eastward two or three years, they do not relish being sent out here. Their pay soon melts away as pocket-money, at Salt Lake prices, and they then honor Uncle Sam with by no means pretty names. Some of them might not prove excessively reliable out of sight, in case of an emer-gency, particularly considering the inviting nature of the gold fields in the adjacent territories.
The Butterfield freight trains are still anxiously ex-pected. It is understood that they are strung all along from Bridger to Denver. It will be a matter of spe-cial Providential interposition if they get in this sea-son. The Colorado folks seem to be perfectly satis-fied with the Butterfield institution, but the people of Salt Lake have had no reason for being sanguine about it so far. Rather the contrary.
The last of the Mormon emigration trains is ex-pected in to-morrow, though most of the families have been in several days. They have been consid-erably favored by fine weather. This Fall has been one of twenty, perhaps of more than that. Of course, as in all matters of ill-management, nobody is to blame for the lateness of the arrivals. Somebody, however, deserves to be blamed greatly for risking human life needlessly in the bitter Winters of the Rocky Mountains.
The questions of trade and freightage are being much agitated here just now. Many persons have become tired of selling flour here for $6 in store goods, when that flour is taken to Montana and sold at $20 to $30 in gold. A system of neighborhood co-operation in shipping and freighting produce to dis-tant markets and getting the gold for it is talked of, the same system to be extended to the purchase of goods to be imported here. The subject of the people of this Territory doing the freighting business to and from and in the Territory, instead of strangers doing it, is also being earnestly discussed, and attempts in this direction will most likely be made next Summer to a larger extent than heretofore.
BRIGHAM has been very sick of pleurisy lately, and the report is that he came very near dying. However, he is recovering, and that will modify many speculations as to the future of Mormondom. Still, it is quite possi-ble that he may not be long-lived. He is advancing in age and this climate is probably too harsh and se-vere to conduce to longevity. The diseases which tend fastest to putridity, such as canker, are particularly at home, and are not conducive to a long-lived pop-ulation.
The subject of connecting the principal cities and settlements of the Territory by the telegraphic wire is receiving renewed attention under the auspices of BRIGHAM. The subject appears to be met with en-thusiasm on all sides. It is rather difficult to under-stand on what principle the line is to be put up, but it appears to be this—each city and settlement to put up the posts near and through them, and to subscribe to purchase other material, the charges for messages to go toward current expenses. This system of building telegraph lines will strike the public ear as being peculiarly Mormon, and would probably be unendurable anywhere else than in Utah. Many of the poles have been prepared, and parts of the line have been surveyed and located. Next year there will probably be a telegraphic line from Cache Valley in the North through the Territory to the Colorado River in the South.
The navigation of the Colorado River is being discussed again. The Pacific and Colorado Steam Navigation Company announce that they have a line of vessels from San Francisco to the mouth of the river, and two steamers prepared to run up the river to Callville, the recently established Mormon landing. However, the business people of this city are not quite se sanguine on this subject as they were a few months back, owing to detentions and unfulfilled engagements in respect to a cargo of freight, shipped up the river for the above landing some time ago, but which was landed some distance below.
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