ethane; molecular simulations; ab initio calculations
Counterpoise-corrected, supermolecule, ab initio energies obtained at the MP2/6-311+G(3df, 2pd) level were computed for 22 different relative orientations of two ethane molecules as a function of the separation distance between the molecular centers. These energies were used to regress the parameters in several simple, analytical, interatomic or site-site models that can be used for implementation in molecular simulations. Sensitivity analysis indicated that the inter molecular potential surface is insensitive to the C-C interactions and that the parameters in the C-C model are coupled and unobtainable from the dimer energies. Representation of the potential surface can be made in terms of the C-H and H-H interatomic potentials if the C-C interactions are treated as shielded. Simple Lennard-Jones and exp-6 models do not adequately represent the potential surface using these shielded models, nor do they produce the anticipated physics for the interatomic potentials. The exp-6 model with a damping function and the modified-Morse interatomic potentials both reproduce the intermolecular potential surface well with physically realistic intersite potentials suitable for use in molecular dynamics simulations.
(c) 2001 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in The Journal of Chemical Physics and may be found at http://link.aip.org/link/?JCPSA6/118/5474/1;