In this paper we consider the problem of distinguishing whether frame loss at the MAC layer has occurred due to mobility or congestion. Most ad hoc routing protocols make the faulty assumption that all frame loss means the destination node has moved, resulting in significant overhead as they initiate the repair of routes that have not been broken. We design a mobility detection algorithm, MDA, that properly detects the cause of a lost frame, then coordinates with the routing protocol so that it reacts properly. This approach dramatically reduces routing protocol overhead and significantly increases application throughput. We use a simulation study to demonstrate the effectiveness of MDA and to determine the proper setting for MDA parameters.
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