Mutual diffusion coefficients for selected alkanes in carbon tetrachloride were calculated using molecular dynamics and Lennard-Jones (LJ) potentials. Use of effective spherical LJ parameters is desirable when possible for two reasons: (i) computer time is saved due to the simplicity of the model and (ii) the number of parameters in the model is kept to a minimum. Results of this study indicate that mutual diffusivity is particularly sensitive to the molecular size cross parameter, σ12, and that the commonly used Lorentz–Berthelot rules are inadequate for mixtures in which the component structures differ significantly. Good agreement between simulated and experimental mutual diffusivities is obtained with a combining rule for σ12 which better represents these asymmetric mixtures using pure component LJ parameters obtained from self-diffusion coefficient data. The effect of alkane chain length on the mutual diffusion coefficient is correctly predicted. While the effects of alkane branching upon the diffusion coefficient are comparable in size to the uncertainty of these calculations, the qualitative trend due to branching is also correctly predicted by the MD results.
(c) 1989 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in The Journal of Chemical Physics and may be found at http://link.aip.org/link/?JCPSA6/91/3670/1;