Antenna gain; information theory; multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems
Multiantenna systems such as devices for multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) communication can theoretically use array superdirectivity to optimally exploit the propagation channel. In traditional analyses of MIMO systems, such superdirectivity is not observed due to the commonly applied constraint that limits the excitation current magnitudes. However, when an electromagnetically appropriate constraint on the power radiated by the array is applied, the computed capacity can include effects of transmit superdirectivity. A similar result occurs at the receiver for spatially colored noise. This paper formulates the MIMO system capacity under these circumstances and provides a framework for computing this capacity when the level of tolerable superdirectivity (as measured by the superdirectivity Q factor) is constrained. Example computations using the framework illustrate the impact that superdirectivity can have on achievable MIMO system performance.
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