MIMO communication; antenna arrays; channel capacity; directive antennas
Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communication systems can theoretically use array superdirectivity to optimally exploit the propagation channel. This superdirectivity leads to very large capacity bounds, particularly when the antennas are closely spaced. However, because superdirective behavior is difficult to achieve in practice, new capacity bounds have been formulated for the case where the level of array superdirectivity is constrained. Existing capacity analyses limit the superdirectivity in a suboptimal way. In this paper, the impact of superdirectivity in the capacity solution is limited by introducing finite ohmic loss in the transmit and receive antenna elements. Computational results reveal that even a small amount of ohmic loss significantly decreases the achievable system capacity.
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