We analyze the integration of electromagnetically induced transparency in alkali atoms on a semiconductor chip. We propose the use of antiresonant reflecting optical waveguides with hollow cores to realize the necessary waveguiding capability and optical mode areas of a few square micrometers. We derive the scaling laws and limitations for the reduction in group velocity and single-photon phase shifts as a function of waveguide dimension. We show that miniaturization leads to a large enhancement of single-photon cross-phase modulation, despite the presence of additional limitations due to coherence dephasing and waveguide loss.
(c) 2005 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in Applied Physics Letters and may be found at http://link.aip.org/link/?APPLAB/86/032106/1;